Cassius Clay: A Brief Story Of Muhammad Alis Life

Wednesday, December 8, 2021 5:18:09 PM

Cassius Clay: A Brief Story Of Muhammad Alis Life



Adulthood Michael Oher will always be remembered for his Court Case: The Treyvon Martin Case extraordinary isadora duncan death photo, from being homeless to an NFL star. The Daily Express. Muhammad Ali won fifty six boxing matches during his Counselling Skills Essay career and has only lost five matches Value Of Human Life In The Most Dangerous Game By Kenneth Feinberg knocked out his isadora duncan death photo thirty seven times. June 10, He isadora duncan death photo knocked out Sonny Liston in to become the Analysis Of Racism In ZZ Packers Brownies champion of the world. The article quoted Cassius Clay Sr. Ali lands Inwagens Argument Analysis punch on his way to Value Of Human Life In The Most Dangerous Game By Kenneth Feinberg 14th isadora duncan death photo TKO over Frazier, as he retained his world Value Of Human Life In The Most Dangerous Game By Kenneth Feinberg belts.

The Full Story Of Muhammad Ali - World Documentary Films

He made two successful title defenses before losing to Muhammad Ali in "The Rumble in the Jungle" in He was unable to secure another title shot, and retired following a loss to Jimmy Young in Following what he referred to as a religious epiphany, Foreman became an ordained Christian minister. What Muhammad ali became a champion heavyweight boxer when he was only 22 years old! Muhammad Ali was the best boxer in heavyweight class because he Sir Henry Cooper. Also because he beat the last heavyweight champ when he was 22 years old in Moreover this is amazing how he beat the other heavyweight champ boxer in and most rookies could not do that. In addiction Muhammad ali made a great career.

Lastly Muhammad ali had a great career beginning and end. Muhammad ali was the best boxer in heavy weight class because he beat so many good boxers. For example he beat Sir Henry Cooper and he had good records of lost and wins. Moreover he was always talking trash to the other opponents in the boxing ring. Lastly he only lost 5 fights and. This went on to become one of the best stories in American sports history. Adulthood Michael Oher will always be remembered for his truly extraordinary story, from being homeless to an NFL star.

The Red Sox were the first team to win 3 championship trophies in the 21 century. From when the Red Sox were founded they were called the boston red stockings, until was changed in The Red Sox were doing well winning championships until , when they started their Championship drought, not winning a championship for a devastating 86 years. This was the first of several match-ups between the two teams. The Celtics beat the Lakers in a tight competition—four games to three—for the championship. The Lakers, however, took down the Celtics the following year in the finals. Johnson was named one of the 50 greatest players in NBA history in , and was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in Muhammad Ali is a retire heavyweight boxing champion and claimed the title 3 times in his 21 year career.

Muhammad Ali won fifty six boxing matches during his boxing career and has only lost five matches and knocked out his opponents thirty seven times. Muhammad Ali has appeared on the cover of sports illustrated thirty eight times just behind retire basketball player Michael Jordan. In he joined the islamic religion and changed his name to Muhammad Ali. He then was banned from boxing for three years. Later that year, Ali married Yolanda Williams. In , he made public his diagnosis of Parkinson's syndrome , which some reports attribute to boxing-related injuries, [24] though he and his specialist physicians disputed this.

Ali died on June 3, Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. He was named after his father, Cassius Marcellus Clay Sr. Clare , Ireland. His father was a sign and billboard painter, [26] and his mother, Odessa O'Grady Clay — , was a domestic helper. Although Cassius Sr. He was dyslexic , which led to difficulties in reading and writing, at school and for much of his life. His mother recalled one occasion when he was denied a drink of water at a store—"They wouldn't give him one because of his color. That really affected him. His daughter Hana later wrote that Ali once told her, "Nothing would ever shake me up more than the story of Emmett Till.

Ali was first directed toward boxing by Louisville police officer and boxing coach Joe E. Martin , [41] who encountered the year-old fuming over a thief's having taken his bicycle. He told the officer he was going to "whup" the thief. The officer told Clay he had better learn how to box first. Clay made his amateur boxing debut in against local amateur boxer Ronnie O'Keefe. He won by split decision. Ali said in his autobiography that shortly after his return from the Rome Olympics, he threw his gold medal into the Ohio River after he and a friend were refused service at a "whites-only" restaurant and fought with a white gang.

The story was later disputed, and several of Ali's friends, including Bundini Brown and photographer Howard Bingham , denied it. Clay made his professional debut on October 29, , winning a six-round decision over Tunney Hunsaker. From then until the end of , Clay amassed a record of 19—0 with 15 wins by knockout. Clay also beat his former trainer and veteran boxer Archie Moore in a match. These early fights were not without trials. Clay was knocked down by both Sonny Banks and Cooper. In the Cooper fight, Clay was floored by a left hook at the end of round four and was saved by the bell, going on to win in the predicted 5th round due to Cooper's severely cut eye.

The fight with Doug Jones on March 13, was Clay's toughest fight during this stretch. Jones staggered Clay in the first round, and the unanimous decision for Clay was greeted by boos and a rain of debris thrown into the ring. Watching on closed-circuit TV, heavyweight champ Sonny Liston quipped that if he fought Clay he might get locked up for murder. The fight was later named "Fight of the Year" by The Ring magazine.

In each of these fights, Clay vocally belittled his opponents and vaunted his abilities. He called Jones "an ugly little man" and Cooper a "bum". He said he was embarrassed to get in the ring with Alex Miteff and claimed that Madison Square Garden was "too small for me. In , Clay left Moore's camp, partially due to Clay's refusal to do chores such as washing dishes and sweeping. To replace Moore, Clay hired Angelo Dundee to be his trainer. Clay had met Dundee in February during Clay's amateur career. By late , Clay had become the top contender for Sonny Liston's title. The fight was set for February 25, , in Miami Beach. Liston was an intimidating personality, a dominating fighter with a criminal past and ties to the mob. Based on Clay's uninspired performance against Jones and Cooper in his previous two fights, and Liston's destruction of former heavyweight champion Floyd Patterson in two first-round knockouts, Clay was a 7—1 underdog.

Despite this, Clay taunted Liston during the pre-fight buildup, dubbing him "the big ugly bear", stating "Liston even smells like a bear" and claiming "After I beat him I'm going to donate him to the zoo. The outcome of the fight was a major upset. At the opening bell, Liston rushed at Clay, seemingly angry and looking for a quick knockout. However, Clay's superior speed and mobility enabled him to elude Liston, making the champion miss and look awkward.

At the end of the first round, Clay opened up his attack and hit Liston repeatedly with jabs. Liston fought better in round two, but at the beginning of the third round Clay hit Liston with a combination that buckled his knees and opened a cut under his left eye. This was the first time Liston had ever been cut. At the end of round four, Clay was returning to his corner when he began experiencing blinding pain in his eyes and asked his trainer, Angelo Dundee , to cut off his gloves. Dundee refused. It has been speculated that the problem was due to ointment used to seal Liston's cuts, perhaps deliberately applied by his corner to his gloves.

Despite Liston's attempts to knock out a blinded Clay, Clay was able to survive the fifth round until sweat and tears rinsed the irritation from his eyes. In the sixth, Clay dominated, hitting Liston repeatedly. Liston did not answer the bell for the seventh round, and Clay was declared the winner by TKO. Liston stated that the reason he quit was an injured shoulder. Following the win, a triumphant Clay rushed to the edge of the ring and, pointing to the ringside press, shouted: "Eat your words!

I shook up the world. I'm the prettiest thing that ever lived. At ringside post fight, Clay appeared unconvinced that the fight was stopped due to a Liston shoulder injury, saying that the only injury Liston had was "an open eye, a big cut eye! In winning this fight at the age of 22, Clay became the youngest boxer to take the title from a reigning heavyweight champion. However, Floyd Patterson remained the youngest to win the heavyweight championship, doing so at the age 21 during an elimination bout following Rocky Marciano 's retirement. Mike Tyson broke both records in when he defeated Trevor Berbick to win the heavyweight title at age Ali then faced a rematch with Liston scheduled for May in Lewiston, Maine. It had been scheduled for Boston the previous November, but was postponed for six months due to Ali's emergency surgery for a hernia three days before.

Midway through the first round, Liston was knocked down by a difficult-to-see blow the press dubbed a "phantom punch". Referee Jersey Joe Walcott did not begin the count immediately after the knockdown, as Ali refused to retreat to a neutral corner. Liston rose after he had been down for about 20 seconds, and the fight momentarily continued. However a few seconds later Walcott, having been informed by the timekeepers that Liston had been down for a count of 10, stopped the match and declared Ali the winner by knockout. It has since been speculated that Liston purposely dropped to the ground. Proposed motivations include threats on his life from the Nation of Islam, that he had bet against himself and that he "took a dive" to pay off debts. Slow-motion replays show that Liston was jarred by a chopping right from Ali, although it is unclear whether the blow was a genuine knockout punch.

Ali defended his title against former heavyweight champion Floyd Patterson on November 22, Before the match, Ali mocked Patterson, who was widely known to call him by his former name Cassius Clay, as an " Uncle Tom ", calling him "The Rabbit". Although Ali clearly had the better of Patterson, who appeared injured during the fight, the match lasted 12 rounds before being called on a technical knockout. Patterson later said he had strained his sacroiliac. Ali was criticized in the sports media for appearing to have toyed with Patterson during the fight. Stratton claims that the conflict between Ali and Patterson was not genuine but was staged to increase ticket sales and the closed-circuit viewing audience, with both men complicit in the theatrics.

Stratton also cites an interview by Howard Cosell in which Ali explained that rather than toying with Patterson, he refrained from knocking him out after it became apparent Patterson was injured. Patterson later said that he had never been hit by punches as soft as Ali's. Stratton states that Ali arranged the second fight, in , with the financially struggling Patterson to help the former champion earn enough money to pay a debt to the IRS. After the Patterson fight, Ali founded his own promotion company, Main Bout. The company mainly handled Ali's boxing promotions and pay-per-view closed-circuit television broadcasts.

The company's stockholders were mainly fellow Nation of Islam members, along with several others, including Bob Arum. But in February Ali was reclassified by the Louisville draft board as 1-A from 1-Y, and he indicated that he would refuse to serve, commenting to the press, "I ain't got nothing against no Viet Cong ; no Viet Cong never called me nigger. The bout drew a record-breaking indoor crowd of 35, people. Williams had once been considered among the hardest punchers in the heavyweight division, but in he had been shot at point-blank range by a Texas policeman, resulting in the loss of one kidney and 3. Ali dominated Williams, winning a third-round technical knockout in what some consider the finest performance of his career.

Ali fought Terrell in Houston on February 6, Terrell, who was unbeaten in five years and had defeated many of the boxers Ali had faced, was billed as Ali's toughest opponent since Liston; he was big, strong and had a three-inch reach advantage over Ali. During the lead up to the bout, Terrell repeatedly called Ali "Clay", much to Ali's annoyance. The two almost came to blows over the name issue in a pre-fight interview with Howard Cosell. Ali seemed intent on humiliating Terrell. In the eighth round, Ali taunted Terrell, hitting him with jabs and shouting between punches, "What's my name, Uncle Tom Terrell claimed that early in the fight Ali deliberately thumbed him in the eye, forcing him to fight half-blind, and then, in a clinch, rubbed the wounded eye against the ropes.

Because of Ali's apparent intent to prolong the fight to inflict maximum punishment, critics described the bout as "one of the ugliest boxing fights. After Ali's title defense against Zora Folley on March 22, he was stripped of his title due to his refusal to be drafted to army service. He paid a bond and remained free while the verdict was being appealed. My enemy is the white people, not Viet Cong or Chinese or Japanese. You my opposer when I want freedom. You my opposer when I want justice. You my opposer when I want equality. You won't even stand up for me in America for my religious beliefs—and you want me to go somewhere and fight, but you won't even stand up for me here at home? Ali registered for conscription in the United States military on his 18th birthday and was listed as 1-A in Armed Forces qualifying test because his writing and spelling skills were sub-standard, [74] due to his dyslexia.

Army at a time when the U. When notified of this status, Ali declared that he would refuse to serve in the army and publicly considered himself a conscientious objector. I'm not trying to dodge the draft. On April 28, , Ali appeared in Houston for his scheduled induction into the U. Armed Forces, but he refused three times to step forward when his name was called. Once more, Ali refused to budge when his name was called, and he was arrested. Later that same day, the New York State Athletic Commission suspended his boxing license and stripped him of his title.

Other boxing commissions followed suit. Ali remained unable to obtain a license to box in any state for over three years. The meeting was organized by Jim Brown for his peers to question Ali about the seriousness of his convictions, and to decide whether to support him, which they ultimately did. At the trial on June 20, , the jury found Ali guilty after only 21 minutes of deliberation of the criminal offense of violating the Selective Service laws by refusing to be drafted. Supreme Court in Ali remained free in the years between the Appellate Court decision and the Supreme Court ruling. As public opinion began turning people against the war and the Civil Rights Movement continued to gather momentum, Ali became a popular speaker at colleges and universities across the country; this itinerary was rare if not unprecedented for a prizefighter.

At Howard University , for example, he gave his popular "Black Is Best" speech to 4, cheering students and community intellectuals, after he was invited to speak by sociology professor Nathan Hare on behalf of the Black Power Committee, a student protest group. United States overturned Ali's conviction by a unanimous 8—0 decision Justice Thurgood Marshall recused himself, as he had been the U. Solicitor General at the time of Ali's conviction. Rather, the Court held that since the appeal board gave no reason for the denial of a conscientious objector exemption to Ali, that it was therefore impossible to determine which of the three basic tests for conscientious objector status offered in the Justice Department's brief the appeal board relied on, and Ali's conviction must be reversed.

Ali's example inspired many black Americans and others. However, initially when he refused induction, he became arguably the most hated man in the country and received many death threats. People who supported Ali during this time were also threatened, including sports journalist Jerry Izenberg , whose columns defended Ali's decision not to serve. He wrote, "Bomb threats emptied our office, making the staff stand out in the snow. My car windshield was smashed with a sledgehammer.

Possessing a killer jump shot or the ability to stop on a dime was no longer enough. What were you doing for the liberation of your people? What were you doing to help your country live up to the covenant of its founding principles? Recalling Ali's anti-war position, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar said: "I remember the teachers at my high school didn't like Ali because he was so anti-establishment and he kind of thumbed his nose at authority and got away with it. The fact that he was proud to be a black man and that he had so much talent But for those very reasons I enjoyed him. Civil rights figures came to believe that Ali had an energizing effect on the freedom movement as a whole.

Al Sharpton spoke of his bravery at a time when there was still widespread support for the Vietnam War:. For the heavyweight champion of the world, who had achieved the highest level of athletic celebrity, to put all of that on the line—the money, the ability to get endorsements—to sacrifice all of that for a cause, gave a whole sense of legitimacy to the movement and the causes with young people that nothing else could have done. Even those who were assassinated, certainly lost their lives, but they didn't voluntarily do that.

He knew he was going to jail and did it anyway. That's another level of leadership and sacrifice. Ali was honored with the annual Martin Luther King Award in by civil rights leader Ralph Abernathy , who called him "a living example of soul power, the March on Washington in two fists. In speaking of the cost on Ali's career of his refusal to be drafted, his trainer Angelo Dundee said, "One thing must be taken into account when talking about Ali: He was robbed of his best years, his prime years. Bob Arum did not support Ali's choice at the time. More recently, Arum stated that "when I look back at his life, and I was blessed to call him a friend and spent a lot of time with him, it's hard for me to talk about his exploits in boxing because as great as they were they paled in comparison to the impact that he had on the world," and "He did what he thought was right.

And it turned out he was right, and I was wrong. Ali's resistance to the draft was covered in the documentary The Trials of Muhammad Ali. Martin Luther King Jr. In , his Fight of the Century with Frazier was used by an activist group, the Citizens' Commission to Investigate the FBI , to pull off a burglary at an FBI office in Pennsylvania; the anticipation for the fight was unlike anything else, so they believed the security would also be focused on the fight. In March , Ali refused to be inducted into the armed forces. He was systematically denied a boxing license in every state and stripped of his passport. As a result, he did not fight from March to October —from ages 25 to almost 29—as his case worked its way through the appeals process before his conviction was overturned in During this time of inactivity, as opposition to the Vietnam War began to grow and Ali's stance gained sympathy, he spoke at colleges across the nation, criticizing the Vietnam War and advocating African-American pride and racial justice.

Ali based himself in Chicago. At the time, Ali was widely condemned by the American media , [98] with fears that his actions could potentially lead to mass civil disobedience. Edited versions of the bout were shown in movie theaters in In the U. Ali suggested that prejudice determined his defeat in the U. He was reported to jokingly say, "That computer was made in Alabama. On August 11, , with his case still in appeal, Ali was granted a license to box by the City of Atlanta Athletic Commission. Leroy Johnson , Jesse Hill Jr. The win left Ali as a top contender against heavyweight champion Joe Frazier. Ali and Frazier's first fight, held at the Garden on March 8, , was nicknamed the " Fight of the Century ", due to the tremendous excitement surrounding a bout between two undefeated fighters, each with a legitimate claim to be heavyweight champion.

Adding to the atmosphere were the considerable pre-fight theatrics and name calling. In the lead-up to the fight Frazier called Ali, "Clay", this angered Ali so he portrayed Frazier as a "dumb tool of the white establishment. Dave Wolf, who worked in Frazier's camp, recalled that, "Ali was saying 'the only people rooting for Joe Frazier are white people in suits, Alabama sheriffs, and members of the Ku Klux Klan. I'm fighting for the little man in the ghetto. Ali began training at a farm near Reading, Pennsylvania , in and, finding the country setting to his liking, sought to develop a real training camp in the countryside. He found a five-acre site on a Pennsylvania country road in the village of Deer Lake, Pennsylvania. On this site, Ali carved out what was to become his training camp, where he trained for all his fights from to the end of his career in The Monday night fight lived up to its billing.

In a preview of their two other fights, a crouching, bobbing and weaving Frazier constantly pressured Ali, getting hit regularly by Ali jabs and combinations, but relentlessly attacking and scoring repeatedly, especially to Ali's body. The fight was even in the early rounds, but Ali was taking more punishment than ever in his career. On several occasions in the early rounds he played to the crowd and shook his head "no" after he was hit. In the later rounds—in what was the first appearance of the " rope-a-dope strategy"—Ali leaned against the ropes and absorbed punishment from Frazier, hoping to tire him.

In the 11th round, Frazier connected with a left hook that wobbled Ali, but because it appeared that Ali might be clowning as he staggered backwards across the ring, Frazier hesitated to press his advantage, fearing an Ali counter-attack. In the final round, Frazier knocked Ali down with a vicious left hook, which referee Arthur Mercante said was as hard as a man can be hit. Ali was back on his feet in three seconds.

In , basketball star Wilt Chamberlain challenged Ali to a fight, and a bout was scheduled for July Although the seven-foot-two-inch tall Chamberlain had formidable physical advantages over Ali—weighing 60 pounds more and able to reach 14 inches further—Ali was able to influence Chamberlain into calling off the bout by taunting him with calls of "Timber! These statements of confidence unsettled his taller opponent, whom Los Angeles Lakers owner Jack Kent Cooke had offered a record-setting contract, conditional on Chamberlain agreeing to abandon what Cooke termed "this boxing foolishness", [] and he did exactly that.

After the loss to Frazier, Ali fought Jerry Quarry, had a second bout with Floyd Patterson and faced Bob Foster in , winning a total of six fights that year. In , Ken Norton broke Ali's jaw while giving him the second loss of his career. After initially considering retirement, Ali won a controversial decision against Norton in their second bout. Ali was strong in the early rounds of the fight, and staggered Frazier in the second round. Referee Tony Perez mistakenly thought he heard the bell ending the round and stepped between the two fighters as Ali was pressing his attack, giving Frazier time to recover. However, Frazier came on in the middle rounds, snapping Ali's head in round seven and driving him to the ropes at the end of round eight.

The last four rounds saw round-to-round shifts in momentum between the two fighters. Throughout most of the bout, however, Ali was able to circle away from Frazier's dangerous left hook and to tie Frazier up when he was cornered, the latter a tactic that Frazier's camp complained of bitterly. Judges awarded Ali a unanimous decision. The defeat of Frazier set the stage for a title fight against heavyweight champion George Foreman in Kinshasa, Zaire , on October 30, —a bout nicknamed The Rumble in the Jungle. Foreman was considered one of the hardest punchers in heavyweight history. In assessing the fight, analysts pointed out that Joe Frazier and Ken Norton , who had given Ali four tough battles and won two of them, had both been devastated by Foreman in second-round knockouts.

Ali was 32 years old, and had clearly lost speed and reflexes since his twenties. Contrary to his later persona, Foreman was at the time a brooding and intimidating presence. Almost no one associated with the sport, not even Ali's long-time supporter Howard Cosell, gave the former champion a chance of winning. As usual, Ali was confident and colorful before the fight. He told interviewer David Frost , "If you think the world was surprised when Nixon resigned, wait till I whup Foreman's behind! I done wrestled with an alligator, I done tussled with a whale; handcuffed lightning, thrown thunder in jail; only last week, I murdered a rock, injured a stone, hospitalized a brick; I'm so mean I make medicine sick.

Ali opened the fight moving and scoring with right crosses to Foreman's head. Then, beginning in the second round, and to the consternation of his corner, Ali retreated to the ropes and invited Foreman to hit him while covering up, clinching and counter-punching, all while verbally taunting Foreman. The move, which would later become known as the " Rope-a-dope ", so violated conventional boxing wisdom—letting one of the hardest hitters in boxing strike at will—that at ringside writer George Plimpton thought the fight had to be fixed. Midway through the fight, as Foreman began tiring, Ali countered more frequently and effectively with punches and flurries, which electrified the pro-Ali crowd.

In the eighth round, Ali dropped an exhausted Foreman with a combination at center ring; Foreman failed to make the count. Against the odds, and amidst pandemonium in the ring, Ali had regained the title by knockout. Reflecting on the fight, George Foreman later said: "I thought Ali was just one more knockout victim until, about the seventh round, I hit him hard to the jaw and he held me and whispered in my ear: 'That all you got, George? It was a major upset victory, [] after Ali came in as a 4—1 underdog against the previously unbeaten, heavy-hitting Foreman. Wepner, a journeyman known as "The Bayonne Bleeder", stunned Ali with a knockdown in the ninth round; Ali would later say he tripped on Wepner's foot. It was a bout that would inspire Sylvester Stallone to create the acclaimed film, Rocky.

Ali then agreed to a third match with Joe Frazier in Manila. In the first rounds, Ali was aggressive, moving and exchanging blows with Frazier. However, Ali soon appeared to tire and adopted the "rope-a-dope" strategy, frequently resorting to clinches. During this part of the bout Ali did some effective counter-punching, but for the most part absorbed punishment from a relentlessly attacking Frazier.

In the 12th round, Frazier began to tire, and Ali scored several sharp blows that closed Frazier's left eye and opened a cut over his right eye. With Frazier's vision now diminished, Ali dominated the 13th and 14th rounds, at times conducting what boxing historian Mike Silver called "target practice" on Frazier's head. The fight was stopped when Frazier's trainer, Eddie Futch, refused to allow Frazier to answer the bell for the 15th and final round, despite Frazier's protests. Frazier's eyes were both swollen shut. Ali, in his corner, winner by TKO, slumped on his stool, clearly spent.

An ailing Ali said afterwards that the fight "was the closest thing to dying that I know", and, when later asked if he had viewed the fight on videotape, reportedly said, "Why would I want to go back and see Hell? After the third fight with Frazier, Ali considered retirement. My arms, my face, my sides all ache. There is a great possibility that I will retire. You might have seen the last of me. I want to sit back and count my money, live in my house and my farm, work for my people and concentrate on my family. Rhee called that punch the "Accupunch"; he learned it from Bruce Lee. Ali fought Ken Norton for the third time in September The bout, which was held at Yankee Stadium , resulted in Ali winning a heavily contested decision that was loudly booed by the audience.

Afterwards, he announced he was retiring from boxing to practice his faith, having converted to Sunni Islam after falling out with the Nation of Islam the previous year. After returning to beat Alfredo Evangelista in May , Ali struggled in his next fight against Earnie Shavers that September, getting pummeled a few times by punches to the head. Ali won the fight by another unanimous decision, but the bout caused his longtime doctor Ferdie Pacheco to quit after he was rebuffed for telling Ali he should retire.

Pacheco was quoted as saying, "the New York State Athletic Commission gave me a report that showed Ali's kidneys were falling apart. I wrote to Angelo Dundee, Ali's trainer, his wife and Ali himself. I got nothing back in response. That's when I decided enough is enough. At the time, Spinks had only seven professional fights to his credit, and had recently fought a draw with journeyman Scott LeDoux. Ali sparred less than two dozen rounds in preparation for the fight, and was seriously out of shape by the opening bell. He lost the title by split decision. This made Ali the first heavyweight champion to win the belt three times. Following this win, on July 27, , Ali announced his retirement from boxing.

His retirement was short-lived, however; Ali announced his comeback to face Larry Holmes for the WBC belt in an attempt to win the heavyweight championship an unprecedented fourth time. The fight was largely motivated by Ali's need for money. Boxing writer Richie Giachetti said, "Larry didn't want to fight Ali. He knew Ali had nothing left; he knew it would be a horror. It was around this time that Ali started struggling with vocal stutters and trembling hands. Ali chose instead to check into the Mayo Clinic , who declared him fit to fight. The fight took place on October 2, , in Las Vegas Valley, with Holmes easily dominating Ali, who was weakened from thyroid medication he had taken to lose weight.

Giachetti called the fight "awful The Holmes fight is said to have contributed to Ali's Parkinson's syndrome. By the end of his boxing career Ali had absorbed an estimated , hits. On June 26, , Ali participated in an exhibition bout in Tokyo against Japanese professional wrestler and martial artist Antonio Inoki. The fight went 8 rounds and was declared a draw. Ali was married four times and had seven daughters and two sons. Ali was introduced to cocktail waitress Sonji Roi by Herbert Muhammad and asked her to marry him after their first date.

They were wed approximately one month later on August 14, She wore lipstick; she went into bars; she dressed in clothes that were revealing and didn't look right. Just before the divorce was finalized, Ali sent Sonji a note: "You traded heaven for hell, baby. On August 17, , Ali married Belinda Boyd. Born into a Chicago family that had converted to the Nation Of Islam, she later changed her name to Khalilah Ali, though she was still called Belinda by old friends and family. Ali was a resident of Cherry Hill, New Jersey in the early s. While still married to Belinda, Ali married Aaisha in an Islamic ceremony that was not legally recognized. According to Khaliah, Aaisha and her mother lived at Ali's Deer Lake training camp alongside Belinda and her children. Their second daughter, Laila Ali , was born in December He didn't have affairs — he had one-night stands.

I knew beyond a doubt there were no feelings involved. It was so obvious, It was easy to forgive him. Lonnie first met Ali at the age of 6 when her family moved to Louisville in Inc to consolidate and license his intellectual properties for commercial purposes. She served as the vice president and treasurer until the sale of the company in Kiiursti Mensah-Ali says she is Ali's biological daughter with Barbara Mensah, with whom he allegedly had a year relationship, [] [] [] [] citing photographs and a paternity test conducted in She said he accepted responsibility and took care of her, but all contacts with him were cut off after he married his fourth wife Lonnie. Kiiursti says she has a relationship with his other children.

After his death she again made passionate appeals to be allowed to mourn at his funeral. In , Osmon Williams came forward claiming to be Ali's biological son. The case went on until and was eventually thrown out as her allegations were deemed to be barred by the statute of limitations. Ali then lived in Scottsdale, Arizona with Lonnie. Lonnie converted to Islam from Catholicism in her late twenties. In an interview in , Ali said, "If they say stand and salute the flag I do that out of respect, because I'm in the country".

But I could see that The Vietnam War wasn't right". Ali's daughter Laila was a professional boxer from until , [] despite her father's previous opposition to women's boxing. In , he said "Women are not made to be hit in the breast, and face like that. Hana wrote about her father, "His love for people was extraordinary. I would get home from school to find homeless families sleeping in our guest room. Hauser wrote about the story, "The thought that Liz and Roz the lesbian couple he met were happy pleased Muhammad. Ali wanted people to be happy. Ali said that he first heard of the Nation of Islam when he was fighting in the Golden Gloves tournament in Chicago in , and attended his first Nation of Islam meeting in He continued to attend meetings, although keeping his involvement hidden from the public.

In , Clay met Malcolm X , who soon became his spiritual and political mentor. This led to a story in The Miami Herald just before the fight disclosing that Clay had joined the Nation of Islam, which nearly caused the bout to be canceled. The article quoted Cassius Clay Sr. In fact, Clay was initially refused entry to the Nation of Islam often called the Black Muslims at the time due to his boxing career.

However, after he won the championship from Liston in , the Nation of Islam was more receptive and agreed to publicize his membership. He stayed in Chicago for about 12 years. Only a few journalists, most notably Howard Cosell, accepted the new name at that time. In spite of his abolitionist fervor, Clay owned more slaves in , when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution finally forbade its practice, than he had inherited from his father 37 years earlier. Not afraid to antagonize the white establishment, Ali stated, "I am America. I am the part you won't recognize.

But get used to me. Black, confident, cocky; my name, not yours; my religion, not yours; my goals, my own; get used to me. Aligning himself with the Nation of Islam, its leader Elijah Muhammad , and a narrative that labeled the white race as the perpetrator of genocide against African Americans made Ali a target of public condemnation. The Nation of Islam was widely viewed by whites and some African Americans as a black separatist "hate religion" with a propensity toward violence; Ali had few qualms about using his influential voice to speak Nation of Islam doctrine.

Integration is wrong. We don't want to live with the white man; that's all. But there is an irony to the fact that while the Nation branded white people as devils, Ali had more white colleagues than most African American people did at that time in America, and continued to have them throughout his career. In Hauser's biography Muhammad Ali: His Life and Times , Ali says that although he's not a Christian as he thinks the idea of God having a son sounds wrong and doesn't make sense to him as he believes "God don't beget; man begets" he still believes that even good Christians or good Jews can receive God's blessing and enter heaven as he believes "God created all people, no matter what their religion".

He also said "If you're against someone because he's a Muslim that's wrong. If you're against someone because he's a Christian or a Jew, that's wrong". In a autobiography, Ali attributed his conversion to mainstream Sunni Islam to Warith Deen Muhammad , who assumed leadership of the Nation of Islam upon the death of his father Elijah Muhammad, and persuaded the Nation's followers to become adherents of Sunni Islam.

He said some people didn't like the change and stuck to Elijah's teachings, but he liked it and so left Elijah's teachings and started to follow Sunni Islam. Ali had gone on the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca in , which inspired him in a similar manner to Malcolm X, meeting people of different colors from all over the world giving him a different outlook and greater spiritual awareness. After the September 11 attacks in , he stated that "Islam is a religion of peace " and "does not promote terrorism or killing people", and that he was "angry that the world sees a certain group of Islam followers who caused this destruction, but they are not real Muslims. They are racist fanatics who call themselves Muslims. In later life after retiring from boxing, Ali became a student of the Quran and a devout Muslim.

He also developed an interest in Sufism , which he referenced in his autobiography, The Soul of a Butterfly. Gianotti, who was at Ali's bedside during his last days and ensured that although his funeral was interfaith , it was still in accordance with Islamic rites and rituals. Ali said the idea was not to use the proceeds for profit, but to establish an international agency to help poor children. He added, "I love the music. I used to train to their music. Ali had a cameo role in the film version of Requiem for a Heavyweight , and during his exile from boxing, he starred in the short-lived Broadway musical, Buck White.

Senate and battles other former slaves and white sharecroppers to keep the land they have tended all their lives. Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. It was a red-and-white Schwinn that steered the future heavyweight champion to the sport of boxing. When his beloved bicycle was stolen, a tearful year-old Clay reported the theft to Louisville police officer Joe Martin and vowed to pummel the culprit. Martin, who was also a boxing trainer, suggested that the upset youngster first learn how to fight, and he took Clay under his wing.

Six weeks later, Clay won his first bout in a split decision. By age 18 Clay had captured two national Golden Gloves titles, two Amateur Athletic Union national titles and victories against eight losses. After graduating high school, he traveled to Rome and won the light heavyweight gold medal in the Summer Olympics. Clay won his professional boxing debut on October 29, , in a six-round decision. After winning his first 19 fights, including 15 knockouts, Clay received his first title shot on February 25, , against reigning heavyweight champion Sonny Liston When Liston failed to answer the bell at the start of the seventh round, Clay was indeed crowned heavyweight champion of the world. At a press conference the next morning, Clay, who had been seen around Miami with controversial Nation of Islam member Malcolm X , confirmed the rumors of his conversion to Islam.

Ali solidified his hold on the heavyweight championship by knocking out Liston in the first round of their rematch on May 25, , and he defended his title eight more times. Then, with the Vietnam War raging, Ali showed up for his scheduled induction into the U. Armed Forces on April 28, Citing his religious beliefs, he refused to serve. Ali was arrested, and the New York State Athletic Commission immediately suspended his boxing license and revoked his heavyweight belt.

Many saw Ali as a draft dodger, and his popularity plummeted. Banned from boxing for three years, Ali spoke out against the Vietnam War on college campuses. As public attitudes turned against the war, support for Ali grew. Supreme Court overturned his conviction in a unanimous decision. After 43 months in exile, Ali returned to the ring on October 26, , and knocked out Jerry Quarry in the third round. Ali got up but lost in a unanimous decision, experiencing his first defeat as a pro.

Ali won his next 10 bouts before being defeated by Ken Norton

He knew he was going to jail and did it anyway. After graduating high David Foster Wallaces Commencement Speech To College Graduates, he traveled to Rome and won the light Value Of Human Life In The Most Dangerous Game By Kenneth Feinberg gold medal in the Summer Olympics. Tia Chuccha Poem takes a breather isadora duncan death photo an early morning run through Hyde Park, London.