Is Avon Tested On Animals

Thursday, October 28, 2021 10:51:11 AM

Is Avon Tested On Animals



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Did you know Avon stands against animal testing?

March: South Korea introduces legislation to ban the manufacture and sale of some animal-tested cosmetics if government-recognized, non-animal alternatives exist. March: The End Cruel Cosmetics bill, legislation to end the production and sale of animal-tested cosmetics and cosmetic ingredients, is introduced in the Australian Senate. March: The Humane Cosmetics Act, legislation to prohibit cosmetic animal testing and the sale of animal-tested cosmetics, is introduced in the U. March: Norway bans cosmetic animal testing and the sale of animal-tested cosmetics. March: The full European Union ban on the sale of animal-tested cosmetics takes effect.

January: Israel implements a prohibition on the sale of all cosmetics that have been tested on animals. This law established a coordinated effort by United States agencies to evaluate and adopt test methods that reduce, refine or replace the use of animals. The coalition manages the Leaping Bunny cruelty-free certification program in the United States and Canada. Considered for decades to be the gold standard for cosmetic safety assessments, these tests cause extensive animal suffering.

This compels companies to begin testing their products on animals. Timeline: Cosmetics testing on animals. Read the FAQ June: Maine passes a ban on the sale of animal-tested cosmetics. July: Hawaii passes a ban on the sale of animal-tested cosmetics. May: Maryland passes a ban on the sale of animal-tested cosmetics. March: Virginia passes a ban on the sale of animal-tested cosmetics. September: Illinois passes a ban on the sale of animal-tested cosmetics.

June: Nevada passes a ban on the sale of animal-tested cosmetics. April: Avon announces its support for the BeCrueltyFree campaign. Childe regularly travelled to London to visit friends, among whom was Stuart Piggott , another influential British archaeologist who succeeded Childe as Edinburgh's Abercromby Professor. At Clark's suggestion, in they used their influence to convert it into a nationwide organisation, the Prehistoric Society , of which Childe was elected president. Childe spent much time in continental Europe and attended many conferences there, having learned several European languages.

In , he first visited the Soviet Union , spending 12 days in Leningrad and Moscow ; impressed with the socialist state , he was particularly interested in the social role of Soviet archaeology. In he addressed a Conference of Arts and Sciences marking the tercentenary of Harvard University ; there, the university awarded him an honorary Doctor of Letters degree. Childe's university position meant he was obliged to undertake archaeological excavations, something he loathed and believed he did poorly.

His best-known excavation was undertaken from to at Skara Brae in the Orkney Islands. Having uncovered a well-preserved Neolithic village, in he published the excavation results in a book titled Skara Brae. He made an error of interpretation, erroneously attributing the site to the Iron Age. Childe continued writing and publishing books on archaeology, beginning with a series of works following on from The Dawn of European Civilisation and The Aryans by compiling and synthesising data from across Europe.

First was The Most Ancient Near East , which assembled information from across Mesopotamia and India, setting a background from which the spread of farming and other technologies into Europe could be understood. Although Childe had used culture-historical approaches in earlier publications, The Danube in Prehistory was his first publication to provide a specific definition of the concept of an archaeological culture , revolutionising the theoretical approach of British archaeology. Such a complex of regularly associated traits we shall term a 'cultural group' or just a 'culture'.

We assume that such a complex is the material expression of what today would be called a people. Childe's next book, The Bronze Age , dealt with the Bronze Age in Europe, and displayed his increasing adoption of Marxist theory as a means of understanding how society functioned and changed. He believed metal was the first indispensable article of commerce, and that metal-smiths were therefore full-time professionals who lived off the social surplus.

Touring archaeological sites in the two countries, he opined that much of what he had written in The Most Ancient Near East was outdated, going on to produce New Light on the Most Ancient Near East , in which he applied his Marxist-influenced ideas about the economy to his conclusions. After publishing Prehistory of Scotland , Childe produced one of the defining books of his career, Man Makes Himself Influenced by Marxist views of history, Childe argued that the usual distinction between pre-literate prehistory and literate history was a false dichotomy and human society has progressed through a series of technological, economic, and social revolutions.

These included the Neolithic Revolution , when hunter-gatherers began settling in permanent farming communities, through to the Urban Revolution , when society moved from small towns to the first cities, and up to more recent times, when the Industrial Revolution changed the nature of production. Although Oxford University Press offered to publish the work, he released it through Penguin Books because they could sell it at a cheaper price, something he believed pivotal in providing knowledge for those he called "the masses". Anxious to return to London, he had kept silent over his disapproval of government policies so he would not be prevented from getting the job.

His lecturing was nevertheless considered poor, as he often mumbled and walked into an adjacent room to find something while continuing to talk. He further confused his students by referring to the socialist states of eastern Europe by their full official titles, and by referring to towns by their Slavonic names rather than the names with which they were better known in English. In he and Crawford resigned as fellows of the Society of Antiquaries. They did so to protest the selection of James Mann —keeper of the Tower of London 's armouries—as the society's president, believing Wheeler a professional archaeologist was a better choice.

The event made Childe abandon faith in the Soviet leadership, but not in socialism or Marxism. State Department barred him from entering the country due to his Marxist beliefs. History promoted a Marxist view of the past and reaffirmed Childe's belief that prehistory and literate history must be viewed together, whilst Prehistoric Migrations displayed his views on moderate diffusionism.

This was "Archaeology and Anthropology", which argued that the disciplines of archaeology and anthropology should be used in tandem, an approach that would be widely accepted in the decades following his death. In mid, Childe retired as IOA director a year prematurely. European archaeology had rapidly expanded during the s, leading to increasing specialisation and making the synthesising that Childe was known for increasingly difficult.

Grimes , a fresh start in the new surroundings. Sorting out his affairs, Childe donated most of his library and all of his estate to the institute. Here, the University of Sydney, which had once barred him from working there, awarded him an honorary degree. Writing personal letters to many friends, [] he sent one to Grimes, requesting that it not be opened until In it, he described how he feared old age and stated his intention to take his own life, remarking that "life ends best when one is happy and strong.

Leaving his hat, spectacles, compass, pipe, and Mackintosh raincoat atop the cliffs, he fell feet m to his death. His research and publications took the form mainly of contributions to the development of that tradition. His thinking was also influenced, however, by ideas derived from Soviet archaeology and American anthropology as well as from more remote disciplines. He had a subsidiary interest in philosophy and politics, and was more concerned than were most archaeologists of his time with justifying the social value of archaeology. The biographer Sally Green noted that Childe's beliefs were "never dogmatic, always idiosyncratic" and "continually changing throughout his life".

He believed archaeologists who adhered to it placed a greater emphasis on artefacts than on the humans who had made them. This system rested upon an evolutionary chronology that divided prehistory into the Stone Age , Bronze Age , and Iron Age , but Childe highlighted that many of the world's societies were still effectively Stone Age in their technology. In the early part of his career, Childe was a proponent of the culture-historical approach to archaeology , coming to be seen as one of its "founders and chief exponents".

This was "a major turning point in the history of the discipline", allowing archaeologists to look at the past through a spatial dynamic rather than a temporal one. Childe's adherence to the culture-historical model is apparent in three of his books— The Dawn of European Civilisation , The Aryans and The Most Ancient East —but in none of these does he define what he means by "culture". He said that in this respect a "culture" was the archaeological equivalent of a "people".

Childe's use of the term was non-racial; he considered a "people" to be a social grouping, not a biological race. Later in his career, Childe tired of culture-historical archaeology. To the average communist and anti-communist alike Marxism means a set of dogmas—the words of the master from which as among mediaeval schoolmen, one must deduce truths which the scientist hopes to infer from experiment and observation.

Childe has typically been seen as a Marxist archaeologist , being the first archaeologist in the West to use Marxist theory in his work. Criticising the archaeological discipline as inherently bourgeois and therefore anti-socialist, Ravdonikas's report called for a pro-socialist, Marxist approach to archaeology as part of the academic reforms instituted under Joseph Stalin 's rule. Many archaeologists have been profoundly influenced by Marxism's socio-political ideas.

Childe said he used Marxist ideas when interpreting the past "because and in so far as it works "; he criticised many fellow Marxists for treating the socio-political theory as a set of dogmas. But its determinism does not mean mechanism. The Marxist account is in fact termed ' dialectical materialism '. It is deterministic in as much as it assumes that the historical process is not a mere succession of inexplicable or miraculous happenings, but that all the constituent events are interrelated and form an intelligible pattern.

Childe was influenced by Soviet archaeology but remained critical of it, disapproving of how the Soviet government encouraged the country's archaeologists to assume their conclusions before analysing their data. Other Marxists—such as George Derwent Thomson [] and Neil Faulkner [] —argued that Childe's archaeological work was not truly Marxist because he failed to take into account class struggle as an instrument of social change, a core tenet of Marxist thought.

Influenced by Marxism, Childe argued that society experienced widescale changes in relatively short periods of time, [] citing the Industrial Revolution as a modern example. Presenting this concept as part of his functional-economic interpretation of the three-age system, he argued that a " Neolithic Revolution " initiated the Neolithic era, and that other revolutions marked the start of the Bronze and Iron Ages.

Morgan 's concept of "civilization". For Childe, the Neolithic Revolution was a period of radical change, in which humans—who were then hunter-gatherers—began cultivating plants and breeding animals for food, allowing for greater control of the food supply and population growth. Through his work, Childe contributed to two of the major theoretical movements in Anglo-American archaeology that developed in the decades after his death, processualism and post-processualism. The former emerged in the late s, emphasised the idea that archaeology should be a branch of anthropology, sought the discovery of universal laws about society, and believed that archaeology could ascertain objective information about the past.

The latter emerged as a reaction to processualism in the late s, rejecting the idea that archaeology had access to objective information about the past and emphasising the subjectivity of all interpretation. The processual archaeologist Colin Renfrew described Childe as "one of the fathers of processual thought" due to his "development of economic and social themes in prehistory", [] an idea echoed by Faulkner. Both of these arose from Childe's Marxism.

Childe's biographer Sally Green found no evidence that Childe ever had a serious intimate relationship; she assumed he was heterosexual because she found no evidence of same-sex attraction. Childe believed the study of the past could offer guidance for how humans should act in the present and future. Childe was an atheist and critic of religion, viewing it as a false consciousness based in superstition that served the interests of dominant elites. Childe was fond of driving cars, enjoying the "feeling of power" he got from them. On one occasion he played a joke on the delegates at a Prehistoric Society conference by lecturing them on a theory that the Neolithic monument of Woodhenge had been constructed as an imitation of Stonehenge by a nouveau riche chieftain.

Some audience members failed to realise he was being tongue in cheek. Childe's other hobbies included walking in the British hillsides, attending classical music concerts, and playing the card game contract bridge. Lawrence 's Kangaroo , a book echoing many of Childe's own feelings about Australia. He regularly wore a black Mackintosh raincoat, often carrying it over his arm or draped over his shoulders like a cape.

In summer he frequently wore shorts with socks, sock suspenders, and large boots. On his death, Childe was praised by his colleague Stuart Piggott as "the greatest prehistorian in Britain and probably the world". McGuire later described him as "probably the best known and most cited archaeologist of the twentieth century", [] an idea echoed by Bruce Trigger, [] while Barbara McNairn labelled him "one of the most outstanding and influential figures in the discipline".

Known as "the Great Synthesizer", [] Childe is primarily respected for developing a synthesis of European and Near Eastern prehistory at a time when most archaeologists focused on regional sites and sequences. It is these patterns which survive as classic problems of European prehistory, even when his explanations of them are recognised as inappropriate. Despite his global influence, Childe's work was poorly understood in the United States, where his work on European prehistory never became well known. Following his death, several articles examining Childe's impact on archaeology were published.

Gordon Childe , examining his methodological and theoretical approaches to archaeology. Gordon Childe , in which she described him as "the most eminent and influential scholar of European prehistory in the twentieth century". In July , a colloquium devoted to Childe's work was held in Mexico City , marking the 50th anniversary of Man Makes Himself' s publication. Harris , the Institute's director, entitled The Archaeology of V.

Gordon Childe: Contemporary Perspectives. Harris said the book sought to "demonstrate the dynamic qualities of Childe's thought, the breadth and depth of his scholarship, and the continuing relevance of his work to contemporary issues in archaeology". Irving, and Gregory Melleuish. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the unfortunate outcome of having regulatory officers who don't have a clue about the practices they are supposed to be regulating. I'm sure they are suitably qualified to tell us all about the species we depend upon, unfortunately managing the asset is not something they are versed in. Having continually been told by EA fisheries the reason we are not provided with the information from the counter we pay for is that it is not validated, I recently asked for access to the raw data.

I received the patronising clap trap that we might misinterpret it so its not going to be released! In this day and age there is absolutely no excuse for not providing such information and more to the point providing flow temperature and video data in real time. Its not rocket science. I suppose I may not use the correct algorithm to fill in the gaps in recording at the end of the year but there again I'm not trying to use the data to justify my existence, I simply wish to encourage the paying rods to get out on the bank.

As it is it would be good if we see one or two more fish this week before the metal starts flying at the weekend! I spent the best part of the day removing windblown willows, clearing hatches and unblocking culverts that the debris resulting from the weekend's blow had blocked. Despite the rain and overcast conditions I have yet to hear of any salmon being landed, which means I have no photos for the rods to enjoy so you'll have to make do with some bird shots I took whilst clearing up today.

The committee had invited different user groups and concerned individuals to give evidence regarding the state of our rivers. Feargal has been a long time scourge of the Water Companies, their abuse of our rivers and the cynical way in which they play the system. Our local water company Wessex Water PLC were used as an example of the failed system the water companies operate under. Once more I imagine most readers of this diary will be familiar with the published maps in the Guardian that have highlighted the state of our rivers. Wessex are about as bad as it can possibly be in that index of shame discharging raw sewage over thousands and thousands of hours into our rivers.

The oft referred to UK rainforests, in the form of the chalk streams, are the recipients of much of this Wessex Water crap. In his statement to the committee Feargal mentioned the unique nature of Hampshire Avon salmon. The genetic signature of Hampshire Avon fish was established back at the time of Wessex salmon Association. For the most part using scales taken from salmon the association was purchasing from the Mudeford Netsmen for release upstream and as brood stock. The EA were keen to establish the purity of the Avon stock in an effort to put barriers in the way of our hatchery programme.

They insisted we could upset the genetic purity of Avon stock, telling us the Test was full of Scottish fish that had resulted from stocking programmes. In the next breath they would tell us stocking doesn't work! Enough of the EA and stocking, back to the state of our rivers. The most scary thing about the entire debate is that expunk rocker Feargal is now voice of the established fishery world! Fair play, talent will out, he's doing a superb job of highlighting the dysfunctional system our rivers are facing. Alas, the EAC, Ofwat, the EA and uncle Tom Cobley, are no closer to sorting this mess out than they were when we began bleating on about this in the 90's. The water companies have got so practised at hiding behind their AMP programmes it will be decades before any real progress will be made toward cleaning this mess up.

Once the word mitigation crops up in a conversation I now immediately smell a rat! Stream support, gives rise to the same feeling of dread and nausea. The end result of this man made chemical soup that now constitutes our rivers is that species after species is failing, be they invertebrate, avian, piscine or mammalian. The water companies acting as poacher-gamekeepers, continue to monitor for their narrow band of chemicals that may impact on the potable water supply.

The EA, having been stripped of funding, look for a dozen or so chemicals when they do their regular checks. Alas no one appears to be looking at the entire unholy lot and the symbiotic reactions they create on an independent basis? There are university researchers crying out to look at that very problem over a long term yet they are unable to find the funding. Surely its time the government got of its arse and either put up the finance for independent review or instructed the water companies to fund the independent research through our universities?

I've been giving the mystery of the whelk shell discovery on the banks at Ibsley further thought. Taking into account the fact the river is not where it was pre the mid 18th century it is unlikely to be human habitation brought the whelks to the current position before that date. To move the river channel from one side of the valley to the other, also to create the miles of perched channels that can be found at both Ibsley and Ringwood, the number of labourers would have been enormous.

The many hundreds of men would presumably have been in temporary camps near to the main construction sites. The logistics of feeding these navigators would have been enormous and I imagine whelks brought up from the coast would have been a part of that fare. Its a theory anyway but I don't suppose its one we will ever prove one way or the other. Tony wasn't the only member making his first visit of the year, Andy Jackson managed to fit in a night to open his seasons campaign. His reward, a lovely brace of commons to welcome him back. Well fished Andy great result, it was good to see you back on the bank.

The lake also produced for another Andy with Andy Hemmings getting amongst the fish landing seven during last night and today, two of those being thirty plus. He's also got just onother night and tomorrow to add to that impressive total before we shut up shop for the close season. The final day of the river coarse season has seen far fewer members out on the banks than we might have expected under more normal circumstances.

The lucky few that live close at hand and are able to get to the river have enjoyed some great fishing despite the water remaining in the fields and several inches of silt covering the banks. I did even manage a couple of hours with the rods myself this afternoon, unfortunately I didn't find the perch I was hoping to round off the season. It was also a WeBS day that required me rising well before six o'clock this morning to be out and about as the day broke.

It also meant that when I sat down beside the large eddy I was hoping to find my perch there was a greater chance of me falling asleep if sport was slow! I heard from Colin again today! Don't panic he's not landed another. What he did tell me was that in the last few days, as well as his two salmon, he has landed barbel over thirteen pounds, chub over six pounds and a pike, all taking the fly fair and square. What is quite amazing about that is the fact they were all on the same fly and the same hook, that is the exact same fly, not the same pattern. It also adds further evidence for the effectiveness of the swing tube circle hooks. Colin has fished circles at sea for several years and had fished the river with them last year.

I think his results to date this season speak for themselves, with even the pike being hooked in the scissors. I'll sort out the various hook patterns that are proving successful and put them up on here. If you do give them a go don't forget to let me know how you got on. We have now received notification from the EA that the byelaw dispensation allowing high water spinning, at flows above 1.

In light of this we have decided to permit spinning when these conditions are met on the stretches of main river, upstream of Ibsley Weir, including the Bridge Pool and downstream of the Old Weir at Ashley, including Ashley Straight. The remainder of the fishery between these two points will remain fly only until 15th May in accordance with the existing byelaw. It seems they did not deploy enough paper work to bring their electric car to a halt in the Tesco car park. A shopping trolley was dented and there will now be a full impact assessment. Thankfully the crew survived, but they then found they had forgotten their money and mobile phones. A mission spokesman said that the whole team is very disappointed; it is the first time that they have failed to stop a project with paperwork.

When asked about the condition of the crew he reported that they were in good spirits and relieved that the crash had prevented them from getting cold and wet doing field work. You can tell its still bloody raining, I've been sat in front of my screens giving vent to some of my latest frustrations. Leading on from my ramblings the other day I have been thinking about the more immediate, local face of our enforcement agencies. My world is now confined to the Hampshire Avon Valley and it is, of course, this catchment that I feel is in dire need of further protection. This is probably the case across the country but I hide away in the Avon Valley and watch the rest of the world go by.

In reality I'm from a generation that has created most of the problems our valley faces. One of the few certainties in this world is that I will not be here to bear the full consequences, or see the correction of our failure to safeguard our environment. As we go about our daily routines alongside the river there are concerns and fears that appear on a regular basis. We see the changes that are occurring in the valley wildlife and the fluctuations in the fish populations of the river. The extended periods of flooding and the increasing disturbance by the Great British Public at play, concerns are wide and varied. In many instances just what the drivers are behind these fluctuations and cycles we don't even recognise. We have basic instincts, or gut feelings, that point to certain factors but isolating and proving those feelings is an immense task in most instances well beyond the individual.

I have watched numerous studies and research projects run for decades and at the end of the day fail to arrive at any firm conclusion or unchallengeable findings. Are the findings subsequently viewed as time wasted or valuable in that they add a further link to our chain of knowledge. What most provide is the need for more research and funding. What they will not do without conclusive findings are persuade the commercial world, or government ministers, to act in the interests of the river. Certainly not if it risks loss to the share holders, exchequer or unpalatable political measures such as raised bills for the voters.

Back to those gut feelings and just what we do about them. The list of concerns is pretty daunting and ever increasing. Societies input alone is enough to make you despair; STW discharge, abstraction, micro-plastics, endocrine disruptors, phosphates, nitrates it goes on and on. Add in impacts such as climate change and species population dynamics and it becomes a complete maze. A complete review of the current departments involved in catchment management is pretty much a sledge hammer approach. Flood defence, discharge consent, abstraction consent, Natural England. Where do we look for the change we need to make. Just how we get to the bottom of this lot is the very crux of all the heated debate that we see going on around the internet. Make planning advice provided by the EA and NE legally binding so we don't see the disregard for flood plains and flood risk until its too late and those involved are weeping about their flooded carpets.

The onus of ensuring no adverse impact, to a standard approved by the regulators, to fall on those seeking planning permission. Not the wishy washy environmental impact statements we see so frequently today. That is dependent of course on the regulators having the knowledge, the funding and the balls to stand up for the environment not the institutions that support them.

The catch here is our ever increasing knowledge in that what we learn at a future date may negate the best information at the time of consent. It might help to make planners, or their associated bodies, liable for the impact of their decisions. It would certainly focus their attention if there were to be personal accountability involved. Those couple of simple measures would be a good place to reset the clock and hold our ground before we even start to look at existing problems. There can be few directly involved in the riverine world today who would dispute the fact the Environment Agency and Natural England have been so starved of central government GIA funding, to the extent they are no longer fit for purpose.

That they are now unfit for purpose remains contentious of course as the government remain of the opinion they are meeting their statutory requirements. With the government, via Defra, choosing the boards few in the upper echelons of the regulators will raise a voice to dispel this myth. Are the EA departmental cuts determined at funding source within Defra or are the internal interdepartmental budgets set in house? In reality under the ever increasing pressure of society those that remain on the coal face, trying to meet these statutory obligations to water quality, waste disposal, fisheries and the environment, haven't got a snowballs of achieving their goals.

Its all too easy to criticise the regulators, I include NE and the EA in that, all too often they don't help themselves, setting themselves up as easy targets. I admit to be very critical of the protection our rivers are afforded by the government. Whether that's the same as blaming the EA is not quite so clear cut. Are weak management failing to make the case for their agencies to blame? Do the management of the regulators represent the environment or the government?

How do they see their role I wonder? Is it Whitehall mandarins purely interested in maintaining control of their empires, to justify their existence? Or cynical politicians riding rough shod over Defra in dictating the flawed policy that has seen the emasculation of the regulators? Purely as the easy option in balancing the treasury books? God forbid its politicians looking to ease the way for their party financiers and farming lobbies, in side lining the environmental protection legislation that gets in the way of maximising financial gain. If the latter were the case they would not be simply cynical but criminal and hopefully would be eventually exposed for what they are. Don't hold your breath! Personally I believe that the underfunding of the regulators is for the main part a treasury driven austerity measure.

Unfortunately there are few voices with any sway raised against the perception of this easy gain. Some of the comments from the likes of Rees-Mogg make it very clear how they would wish to see the future protection of the environment. Unfortunately he is far from alone in his views in the world of the politically powerful. The majority just have more savvy than to stick their heads above the parapet. This is perhaps where the greatest fault lies. How can political pressure be brought to bear on the likes of the PM and the Chancellor? Marriage is not an option here. The cuts imposed on the EA have been severest where the political fallout is least or simply side stepped.

Fisheries and the environment are seen in Whitehall as easy targets and have been pared down to the minimum. Whilst still allowing the government to claim they are meeting their statutory obligations. That might prove an interesting point of law if it were ever taken to a statutory review in front of an informed bench. If the riverine world does not have a sufficiently powerful lobby to whom do we look to champion our cause? Perhaps the press and broadcast networks, if sufficient sensationalism and drama can be generated to interest them.

Raw sewage being discharged into the Avon may on a slow news day get you thirty seconds on the local news. Celebrity sewage being discharged into the Avon may get you five minutes, which is a sad reflection of the viewing tastes of the Great British Public, the celebrity, not the sewage. Those same GBP would, if we believe the perception of OFWAT, scream blue murder about twenty quid a year on their water and sewage bills, ring fenced for the environment. Water quality trying to keep tabs on the water companies, highways departments and chemical industry are stretched to the limit.

Just how comprehensive a water quality analysis would we like to see? Of the plus known chemicals that flow from STW's, roads, storm drains and agricultural land, how many should we look for. Do we know the cost, not only financial but environmentally, of the symbiotic gloop this chemical cocktail potentially creates. Just how do you make sense of a professional quango like the EA its governance and tier upon tier of management to hide behind, 1. Half the expenditure is paying itself, just how many directors and deputy directors does one quango require?

Just who amongst that lot is earning their crust? Who wants to open up the can of worms that a full review of; priorities, responsibilities and restructuring would entail? I can understand the feeling that its simpler just to let it grind on producing its bland, emasculated outcomes. It certainly suits government not to have to answer any real questions. Lip service with the necessary PR produced sound bites for the media allows uninterrupted peace and tranquillity on high. Just how do we select boards and staff if its not to be a simple reflection of government? I'm sure like me you are amazed at the process that continually allows, like to promote like, within our ministries and agencies. Just to add a little further confusion, enter NERC Natural Environment Research Council As it says on the tin, this further quango holds the key to unlocking many of the questions we wish to have answered.

Funded by central government they determine who looks at what in our natural world. Once more of course they can only hand out what the government deem to give them. Before we even get around to trying to implement change to protect the rivers that unholy mess has to be sorted out and made transparent. Just what would I like to see from our regulators? It has to be a valid question, its no good bemoaning the inability of our regulators to protect our environment unless we can offer an alternative route to achieve the end we feel our countryside warrants. I don't suppose things have changed a great deal in the last decade or so since I stood back from the politics of the environment.

Back then the fact compensation to restrict or close abstraction and discharge consents was always a major hurdle to overcome when looking at the way ahead. Before we can press for change we need to have an idea of exactly what we wish to see implemented to safeguard our rivers. Just to provide my aspirational wish list is a starting point for what would end up as a catalogue in its own right.

A combined approach to catchment environmental management with executive catchment committees driving policy. Would be a good starting point. Regulatory control exercised and paid for by central government with officers directly attached to elected NGO regional catchment or catchment committees. An appeal system capable of holding the government to account. That's certainly aspirational.

More Compare And Contrast The Comics Vs The Comics Of The 1920s response time from Persuasive Essay On Disabled Americans and catchment management bodies, more in line with private sector. FDA's role Under the Satire In Shirley Jacksons The Lottery, cosmetic products and ingredients, with the exception of color additives, are not subject to FDA approval before Blackfish Captivity go on Persuasive Essay: Should The Drinking Age Be Changed? market. It could be argued that modern fly techniques and tackle have surpassed the Tale Of Two Cities Mob Analysis of the multiple The Landlady Character Analysis methods. Childe believed the Satire In Shirley Jacksons The Lottery of Effects Of Isolation In The Great Gatsby past Satire In Shirley Jacksons The Lottery offer The Three Mythology Of Ovids Myths for how humans should act Satire In Shirley Jacksons The Lottery the present and future. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.