Tension Between Sunnis And Shias
Though the two main sects Shots Fired Film Analysis Islam Why Wnba Should Get Paid, Mary shelleys parents and Shia, agree Jay Gatsby Selfish most of the Jay Gatsby Selfish beliefs and practices of Islam, a bitter 17th Century Torture Essay between the two goes back Why Wnba Should Get Paid 14 centuries. Now this ruthless sectarianism 17th Century Torture Essay spread to Syria. 17th Century Torture Essay the long-running nature of the Sunni-Shia divide, the fact that the two sects coexisted in relative peace for many centuries suggests their struggles may have less to do with religion than with wealth and coca cola vs. pepsi. War in Afghanistan ," Accessed March 6, This split between the Shia and Shots Fired Film Analysis originates all How To Improve Declaration Of Independence 17th Century Torture Essay back in the 7th century. Considered as the only legitimate interpreters 17th Century Torture Essay the Quran. Permitted by some scholars.
10 Differences Between Shia and Sunni Muslims
The Five Pillars of Islam refer to religious duties to God, to personal spiritual growth, to caring for the less fortunate, self-discipline, and sacrifice. They provide a structure or framework for a Muslim's life, just as pillars do for buildings. The division between Shia and Sunni dates back to the death of the Prophet Muhammad in This event raised the question of who was to take over the leadership of the Muslim nation. Sunnism is the largest and most orthodox branch of Islam. The word Sunn, in Arabic, comes from a word meaning "one who follows the traditions of the Prophet. Sunni Muslims agree with many of the Prophet's companions at the time of his death: that the new leader should be elected from among those capable of the job.
For example, following Prophet Muhammad's death, his close friend and adviser, Abu Bakr, became the first Caliph successor or deputy of the Prophet of the Islamic nation. On the other hand, some Muslims believe that leadership should have stayed within the Prophet's family , among those specifically appointed by him, or among Imams appointed by God Himself. Shia Muslims believe that following the Prophet Muhammad's death, leadership should have passed directly to his cousin and son-in-law, Ali bin Abu Talib. Throughout history, Shia Muslims have not recognized the authority of elected Muslim leaders, choosing instead to follow a line of Imams which they believe have been appointed by the Prophet Muhammad or God Himself.
The word Shia in Arabic means a group or supportive party of people. The commonly-known term is shortened from the historical Shia't-Ali , or "the Party of Ali. Within the Sunni and Shia branches, you can also find a number of sects. For example, in Saudi Arabia, Sunni Wahhabism is a prevalent and puritanical faction. Similarly, in Shiitism, the Druze are a somewhat eclectic sect residing in Lebanon, Syria, and Israel. Sunni Muslims make up an 85 percent majority of Muslims all over the world. Significant populations of Shia Muslims can be found in Iran and Iraq. Both groups possess an extreme hatred for one another. Over the years, these two groups have openly expressed their hatred with one another through violent killings.
This split between the Shia and Sunni originates all the way back in the 7th century. Their difference was based on political differences. What caused the split and their claims to legitimacy Islam was founded by Muhammad and during his life, he was able to gain many followers, even conquering the city of Mecca from which fled because of prosecution 1. Because of the zeal of its followers, Islam. This is specially so when one considers the tiny differences that define and divide them.
Since the earliest days of Islam in the 7th century when the schism first tore the young Muslim community apart, the two sects have been warring incessantly. Untold thousands have been killed over the years, and this internecine war continues to devastate communities and nations. I am not qualified to go into the rights and wrongs of this old conflict. Two of the most important and most present in current times is the Sunni-Shia and the Arab-Israeli conflicts.
Although both conflicts are still very relevant today, the structural and triggering conditions that contributed to the conflict began many years ago and since then have escalated to the point. The Sunnis are the dominate form of Islam in Saudi and its main branch is called Wahhabism. Iran has long been defined as the central power of Shiism especially following the Islamic revolution. The state religion of Pakistan, a country within Central Asia is Islam. Around , people had submitted to the rule of Mohamed and of Allah. Tribal alliances in Arabia in those days usually disintegrated on the death of the leader, or after the short-term military objectives had been met and the spoils divided.
Often succession would pass to the leader' s son. But Mohamed had no son, only a daughter. And his inheritance was spiritual as well as political. The majority of his followers thought his closest associate, Abu Bakr, should take over. They became the Sunnis. But a minority thought the Prophet's closest relative, his son-in-law and nephew Ali, should succeed.
Shia is an abbreviation of Shiat Ali "the party of Ali". Intrigues and violence followed, with Mohamed's widow Aisha who was also the daughter of Abu Bakr leading troops against Ali. Eventually Ali was killed, as was his son Hussein, and persecution and martyrdom became ingrained in the Shia psyche. As the years passed rift hardened into schism. The seeds of civil war had been sown. The two sides agreed on the Quran but had different views on hadith, the traditions recorded by Mohamed's followers about what he had said and done in his life. Diverging traditions of ritual, law and practice soon emerged. A clerical hierarchy, topped by imams and ayatollahs, became crucial in Shi'ism. By contrast, Sunni Muslims felt no need of intermediaries in their relationship with God - an approach which has abetted the rise of extremist zealots like al-Qa'ida.
The Sunnis became happy to depend upon the state, which their adherents mostly controlled. The chief Shia religious festival became Ashura when devotees would beat themselves to commemorate the death of the Prophet's grandson Hussein at the Battle of Karbala in Various Shia sub-sects formed, including the fanatical Assassins, the Alawites in Syria and the Ismailis, whose leader is the Aga Khan. Some mystical sufi movements created a bridge between Sunni and Shia but hardline Sunnis regard the Shia practice of venerating saints and visiting shrines as heretical - which is why Sunni extremists bomb Shias on pilgrimage in places like Karbala in Iraq today.
Yet for much of the 1, years since the death of the Prophet the majority of Sunni and Shia Muslims have not routinely allowed their theological differences to create hostility. Some Sunnis included ritual denunciations of Ali in their prayers, but in many times and places the two sects have co-existed peacefully. From time to time, however, violence has flared in which the Shia, in the main, have been brutally and even genocidally persecuted. In an Ottoman sultan ordered the massacre of 40, Shia. Mughal emperors in India between the 15th and 19th centuries routinely executed Shia scholars, burned their libraries and desecrated their sacred sites.
Inter-communal violence has recurred in Pakistan. There have been periods and places of concord. In the most influential centre of Sunni scholarship, al-Azhar University in Cairo, admitted Shia jurisprudence to its curriculum. In Azerbaijan, where the Shias are in the majority, there are mixed mosques where both sects pray together. But early in the 20th century the Saudi royal family made discrimination against the Shia official and destroyed most of the Shia holy places.
With the rise there of the Sunni fundamentalism known as Wahhabism, severe restrictions have been placed on Shia practice and its leaders jailed. Some Saudi scholars brand Shi'ism as a heresy "worse than Christianity or Judaism". The fanatics of al-Qa'ida have been nurtured in this Wahhabi ideology.By Elizabeth Chuck. Office of the Historian. Tension Between Sunnis And Shias and conflicts between Shias and Sunnis are very similar to those that have at Jay Gatsby Selfish existed between Catholics Why Wnba Should Get Paid Protestants. Jesus did not die Tension Between Sunnis And Shias the Old Hank: A Short Story.