Ethical Dilemmas In Policing

Tuesday, October 19, 2021 4:37:15 PM

Ethical Dilemmas In Policing

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Analyzing Ethical Dilemmas

Ethics owners find themselves being pulled between technical staff that assert generalized competence over many domains and their own knowledge that ethics is a specialized domain that requires deep contextual understanding. Market fundamentalism: Although it is not the case that tech companies will choose profit over social good in every instance, it is the case that the organizational resources necessary for morality to win out need to be justified in market-friendly terms.

Ethics owners therefore must navigate between avoiding measurable downside risks and promoting the upside benefits of more ethical AI. Arguing against releasing a product before it undergoes additional testing for racial or gender bias, or in order to avoid a potential lawsuit, is one thing. Arguing that the more extensive testing will lead to greater sales numbers is something else. Both are important, but one fits squarely inside the legal and compliance team, the other fits better in product teams.

Technological solutionism: The idea that all problems have tractable technical fixes has been reinforced by the rewards the industry has reaped for producing technology that they believe does solve problems. As such, the organizational practices that facilitate technical success are often ported over to ethics challenges. This is manifested in the search for checklists, procedures, and evaluative metrics that could break down messy questions of ethics into digestible engineering work.

What good is fairness if it only leads to a less biased set of people harmed by a dangerous product? They, like the engineers they work alongside, are enmeshed in organizational cultures that reward metric-oriented and fast-paced work with more resources. This ratchets up the pressure to fit in and ratchets down the capacity to object, which makes it all the more difficult to distinguish between success and failure — moral victories can look like punishment while ethically questionable products earn big bonuses. The tensions that arise from this must be worked through, with one eye on process, certainly, but also with the other eye squarely focused on outcomes, both short- and long-term, both inside and outside companies, and as both employees and members of a much broader society.

List your top ten personal ethical rules. The video is self-explanatory and provides clear and practical guidelines on how to conduct the exercise. The lecturer can screen the video and then allow time in class for students to develop the list. If time allows, they can read the article and discuss in small groups. This is a classic case in ethics theory. Give the following information to the students: Imagine that you are involved in a shipwreck situation - a ship has started to sink in the middle of the ocean. Eleven people have jumped into a life-boat that has been designed for a maximum of ten people only, and the life-boat is also starting to sink.

What should the passengers do? Throw one person overboard and save ten lives? Or stick to the principle of "do not kill", which means that everybody will drown? The lecturer can invite contributions from the class and even take a vote, and then illustrate how different theoretical approaches e. This exercise can be used in different contexts, either to precede a presentation on ethical theories, or as an exercise in which students can apply newly acquired knowledge about such theories. The most effective use is probably to do the exercise before the ethical theories are discussed in detail. This will lead to lively discussion and debate, and the lecturer can illustrate how our decision-making processes can be explained by ethical theories.

The lecturer can then revisit the example afterwards with a more formal approach, by clearly indicating what specific solutions the different theories will offer. The following is a summary of the case:. Summary: Baby Theresa was born in Florida United States of America in with anencephaly, one of the worst genetic disorders. Sometimes referred to as "babies without brains", infants with this disease are born without important parts of the brain and the top of the skull is also missing. Most cases are detected during pregnancy and usually aborted. About half of those not aborted are stillborn. In the United States, about babies are born alive each year and usually die within days. Baby Theresa was born alive.

Her parents decided to donate her organs for transplant. Her parents and her physicians agreed that the organs should be removed while she was alive thus causing her inevitable death to take place sooner , but this was not allowed by Florida law. When she died after nine days the organs had deteriorated too much and could not be used. As a variation, students could be asked to assume different roles, e. Robert is on the baseball team at a small college in Texas. He's a high profile player on the team, and as a result he has a lot of followers on Twitter and a large network on Facebook.

For this reason, the members of the athletic board at his college think it's necessary to monitor his social media accounts. In Texas, there is no law to prevent schools from requiring individuals to give up their personal social media login and password information, so Robert is forced to hand over his social media account information. University officials say that the intent of monitoring is to identify potential compliance and behavioral issues early on, enabling athletic departments to educate athletes on how to present themselves online. They regularly check what Robert posts and flag certain postings with which they have issues. One day Robert tweets "Skipping class to break bad schoolsucks bettercallsaul breakingbad.

Since the school provides an email account as a service to its students and faculty, it reserves the right to search its own system's stored data. According to the college's student handbook, administrators may access student email accounts in order to safeguard the system or "to ensure compliance with other University rules. When searching Robert's email account, university officials find several questionable emails between Robert and his tutor. It seems that Robert's tutor has been sending him all answers to homework assignments and quizzes. As a result of the investigation, Robert is placed on athletic probation and his tutor is fired. Robert, his tutor, university officials, and have a class debate.

The following summary is available here :. In , [Bowen McCoy] spent several months hiking through Nepal. Midway through the difficult trek, as he and several others were preparing to attain the highest point of their climb, they encountered the body of an Indian holy man, or sadhu. A forum for collective commissioning and de-commissioning decision making in relation to Health and Social Care across GM. Considers matters relation to the establishment and implementation of waste disposal stratagies of the GMCA and oversees matters relating to the effective management of waste disposal operations including contracts and the behavioural change programme. In , GMCA established a new Culture, Arts and Leisure Portfolio, recognising the importance of these issues to the economic growth, social well-being and attractiveness of Greater Manchester.

Council leaders and independent members with skills and experience of criminal justice and community safety. To help build trust and public confidence, an independent policing ethics committee — the first of its type in the country — will advise the Deputy Mayor for Policing and Crime, Beverley Hughes, and Greater Manchester Police on the complex dilemmas that policing faces in the modern world.

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