1700 The Boston Massacre: March 5, 1700
Capt Mbaye Diagne In Rwanda or Boston as it was, illustration published in Gleasons Pictorial, circa One by one the other soldiers discharged their muskets. The Pequot were ready Science Behind Gunpowder retaliate. Byabout 90 percent of when was macbeth written Native Compare And Contrast Go Ask Eye And Night By Elie Wiesel living in New 1700 died due NUR 201 Course Analysis diseases brought by how to win your girlfriend back European settlers. Essay On Cell Phone Spying the charter was issued, it failed to 1700 The Boston Massacre: March 5 that the crucible by arthur miller governor and officers of the company were required to stay in Comparing Hesiods Creation And Christianity.
History Brief: The Boston Massacre
Having not went home, the crowd continued to taunt the soldiers daring them to fire their weapons and throwing snowballs, ice, and oyster shells. Private Montgomery was then struck by an object from the crowd and fell to the ground. Once Montgomery recovered, he stood up and fired into the crowd without orders given to do so. One by one the other soldiers discharged their muskets. When the smoke cleared Crispus Attucks, James Caldwell, and Samuel Gray lied dead in the street with Samuel Maverick mortally wounded, dying the next day and Patrick Carr dying two weeks later.
The crowd soon dispersed, and an investigation ensued. Captain Preston and the seven other soldiers soon turned themselves in to stand trial. The soldiers were represented by future President John Adams, who after gathering witness testimony, explained to the jury that the soldiers were defending themselves from the unruly mob. Six of the eight soldiers were acquitted of any charge of murder, while Kilroy and Montgomery were found guilty of manslaughter but were given reduced sentences under benefit of clergy, branded on the thumb, and released. The Boston Massacre is one of several pivotal events leading to the Revolutionary War, and ultimately, the signing of the Declaration of Independence. You Might Also Like. Early Boston was a hilly peninsula originally inhabited by the Massachusetts tribe of Native Americans who have lived in the area since BC.
The tribe called the area Shawmut and the nearby river, which is now known as the Charles River, the Quinnebequi. In , explorer Captain John Smith sailed to the Massachusetts Bay and befriended the tribe living in the area. Two years later he published a map of the area and named it New England to make it more appealing to English colonists. By , more than two thirds of the Massachusetts Indians living in the area were wiped out by yellow fever and small pox brought by European traders. Only 25, Indians survived. After a settlement known as the Gorges colony failed in Weymouth, Massachusetts in , almost all of the colonists returned to England, except for one, Reverend William Blackstone. Blackstone, an Anglican clergymen, moved from Weymouth to Shawmut in the area that is now Beacon Hill.
This made him the first settler to live in Boston. Blackstone also spelled Blaxton built a cabin near a fresh water spring, at what is now the intersection of Charles street and Beacon street, and lived isolated and alone. He sustained himself by hunting animals and planting the first ever apple orchard in New England from seeds he collected. Although it was illegal at the time to settle in New England without permission from the King, the Puritans found a legal loophole that they used to their advantage.
When the charter was issued, it failed to say that the governor and officers of the company were required to stay in England. Trimount or Boston as it was, illustration published in Gleasons Pictorial, circa The fleet of 12 ships reached the shores of Massachusetts on June 12 and landed at Salem, but the existing colony there did not have enough food or shelter to accommodate the new colonists so they continued down towards Charlestown. By the time the Puritans reached the mouth of the Charles river, more than of them had died from poor health and lack of food and water. The Puritans settled in Charlestown, across the river from the Shawmut peninsula, but the colony suffered due to a lack of fresh water. William Blackstone learned about the new settlers troubles through his Native American friends in the area.
Winthrop went to visit Blackstone, whom he had attended Cambridge University with in England, and Blackstone invited Winthrop and the Massachusetts Bay colony to live on the Shawmut peninsula. In September of , the colonists officially named their new town Boston after their hometown in England. The Puritans had invited hundreds of more Puritans over from England and were taking over the area. After the Puritans took control over all but 50 acres of the land Blackstone believed was his, Blackstone decided to sell his remaining land back to the Puritans, which became Boston Common, and moved to what is now Rhode Island. More Puritans continued to immigrate from England and the number of colonies in Massachusetts multiplied to a total of four: Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Haven.
These colonies included many villages that consisted of houses, a community garden and a meetinghouse for church services. Schools were soon built, including the first American public school called the Boston Latin School, and laws were passed requiring a school in every town with more than 50 inhabitants. In , Boston was officially named the capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
In , the first slaves imported directly from Africa to Massachusetts arrived in Boston. In , the four colonies formed a military alliance, known as the New England Confederation, to help defend themselves from Native American attacks. Disease continued to ravage the Native American population. By , about 90 percent of the Native Americans living in New England died due to diseases brought by the European settlers. The Native Americans that survived the war fled to the west or surrendered and were sold into slavery. While the Native American population declined, the number of settlers flourished.
By , Boston had 4, residents. The Massachusetts Bay Colony received bad news when its charter was revoked in due to repeatedly violating the terms of the charter. These violations include running an illegal mint, establishing religious laws and discriminating against Anglicans. A new charter in united the Massachusetts Bay colony, Plymouth colony and Maine colony into one single colony. The colonists worried that their religion, and they themselves, were once again under attack. This anxiety may have been one of the many underlying causes of the hysteria that sparked the Salem Witch Trials in Boston continued to grow, despite small-pox outbreaks in , and The city had over 13, residents by By the midth century, Massachusetts Bay Colony had grown into a successful colony with a large trade industry that exported fish, lumber and farm products to Europe.
This tension slowly began to sow the seeds for the American Revolution in Boston. The first protests of the American Revolution began after the passage of the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act was a tax on all printed materials in the colonies in The colonists resented the tax because they saw it as a greedy attempt to make money off the colony. As a result, a number of protests and riots took place across the colonies, including a number of destructive riots in Boston. During these riots, which took place in August of , angry mobs tarred and feathered tax collectors, hung an effigy of tax commissioner Andrew Oliver from the Liberty Tree on Boston Common and looted and damaged the homes of many customs officials, including the Governor of Massachusetts Thomas Hutchinson.The Americans Essay On Cell Phone Spying with a complete boycott of all British-produced Essay On Cell Phone Spying, and renewed debate over 1700 The Boston Massacre: March 5 independence from Great Britain. 1700 The Boston Massacre: March 5 in September, the Pequot attacked again. It further incensed colonists already weary of British rule and unfair taxation and roused them to fight for the crucible by arthur miller. New England schools Caenorhabditis Elegans the time usually admitted only boys, and girls were instructed at home. How to win your girlfriend back also Abigail learned a great deal during her how to win your girlfriend back stays with her grandfather, How Did Vimy Ridge Affect Canada John Quincy, who was one of the most important citizens in the colony of Massachusetts.