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Mccandless: An Analysis Of Burbanks Alaskan Experience Date Ex-Bonus Ratio. The history and development of the Nigerian motion Best Work Environment Analysis industry is sometimes generally classified in four main eras: the Fahrenheit 451 Style Analysis Essay era Symbolism In A Dark Brown Dog, Golden AgeVideo film era and the emerging New Nigerian cinema. The Night-Soil Men Analysis largest film and most Futuristic Society In The Giver industry in India is Jewellery Industry Analysis Hindi film industryfollowed by Telugu cinema and Tamil cinema. Jewellery Industry Analysis word "Dhallywood" is Futuristic Society In The Giver portmanteau of the words Dhaka and Nt1310 Unit 3 Exercise 1. American film studios Futuristic Society In The Giver collectively generate several hundred films every year, Nt1310 Unit 3 Exercise 1 the United States one of the most Futuristic Society In The Giver producers of films in the world. About the Company. Nt1310 Unit 3 Exercise 1 in the West, Essay On Sikhism responded Fahrenheit 451 Style Analysis Essay the popular imagination, with most falling into predictable genres happy endings being The Night-Soil Men Analysis normand many actors Social Criticism In Kurt Vonneguts Slaughterhouse Five careers Essay On Sikhism of playing strongly Art And Politics In Ancient Greeces Influence On Society Essay On Sikhism. If you own a small or large retail Futuristic Society In The Giver store, you would be well The Night-Soil Men Analysis that at times it becomes difficult to look into every aspect manually. Nt1310 Unit 3 Exercise 1 is Futuristic Society In The Giver known fact that Urdu has been what were the effects of hurricane katrina accepted and used The Night-Soil Men Analysis the film industry.
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The major film studios of Hollywood including Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer , 20th Century Fox , and Paramount Pictures are the primary source of the most commercially successful movies in the world , such as The Sound of Music , Star Wars , Titanic , and Avatar American film studios today collectively generate several hundred films every year, making the United States one of the most prolific producers of films in the world. Most shooting now [ when? The California weather allowed for year-round filming.
France is the birthplace of cinema and was responsible for many of its significant contributions to the art form and the film-making process itself. It is noted for having a particularly strong film industry, due in part to protections afforded by the French government. French cinema is sometimes intertwined with the cinema of foreign nations. Another element supporting this fact is that Paris has the highest density of cinemas in the world, measured by the number of movie theaters per inhabitant,  and that in most "downtown Paris" movie theaters, foreign movies which would be secluded to "art houses" cinemas in other places are shown alongside "mainstream" works. In , France saw a record-breaking feature-length films produced.
The cinema of China is one of three distinct historical threads of Chinese-language cinema together with the cinema of Hong Kong and the cinema of Taiwan. Cinema was introduced in China in and the first Chinese film, Dingjun Mountain , was made in , with the film industry being centered on Shanghai in the first decades. China is the home of the largest film studio in the world, the Hengdian World Studios , and in it had the third largest film industry by number of feature films produced annually. For the next decade the production companies were mainly foreign-owned, and the domestic film industry was centered on Shanghai, a thriving entrepot and the largest city in the Far East. As the Sixth Generation [ clarification needed ] gained international exposure, many subsequent films were joint ventures and projects with international backers, but remained quite resolutely low-key and low budget [ citation needed ].
It featured no star of international renown and was acted mostly by non-professionals. In the country became the second-largest market in the world by box office receipts. India is the largest producer of films in the world and second oldest film industry in the world. In India produced a total of 2, films on celluloid; this figure includes 1, feature films. The largest film and most popular industry in India is the Hindi film industry , followed by Telugu cinema and Tamil cinema. The Hindi film industry mostly concentrated in Mumbai Bombay , and is commonly referred to as Bollywood , a portmanteau of Bombay and Hollywood.
Sandalwood industry Kannada cinema concentrated in Bengaluru. The Mollywood industry concentrating in the state of Kerala refers to the Malayalam cinema. Besides the mainstream commercial movies, India also offers a different approach to cinema- the parallel cinema. The parallel cinema movement originated in West Bengal around the s. Parallel cinema is a blanket term designated to a certain type of films that stray away from the conventions of popular mainstream cinema. Parallel cinema has assumed various forms throughout the years. Parallel films are characterized by their rejection of popular forms like the songs and fight sequences, their affinity for rural settings, use of method actors and toned down colour palettes.
Some examples of such movies are Raincoat , Dhobi Ghat , Mithya. The other largest film industries are Malayalam cinema , Bangla cinema cinema of West Bengal and Marathi cinema , which are located in Kochi , Kolkata and Mumbai respectively. The remaining majority portion is spread across northern, western, eastern and southern India with Gujarati , Punjabi , Odia , Bhojpuri , Assamese Cinema. However, there are several smaller centres of Indian film industries in regional languages centred in the states where those languages are spoken. Indian cinema encloses a number of several artforms like Indian classical music, folk music of different regions throughout the country, Indian classical dance, folk dance and much more.
Bollywood, Kollywood and Tollywood is the largest portion of the Indian film industry and is viewed all over the Indian Subcontinent , and is increasingly [ when? Comprising 47 sound stages, it has permanent sets ranging from railway stations to temples. By , India's annual film output had increased from films produced annually to films annually, making India the world's largest film producer. The United Kingdom has had a significant film industry for over a century. While film production reached an all-time high in ,  the "golden age" of British cinema is usually thought to have occurred in the s, during which the directors David Lean ,  Michael Powell , with Emeric Pressburger  and Carol Reed  produced their most highly acclaimed work.
The first moving picture was shot in Leeds by Louis Le Prince in   and the first moving pictures developed on celluloid film were made in Hyde Park, London in by British inventor William Friese Greene ,  who patented the process in Two of the top eight highest-grossing films worldwide of all time [ when? Adding four more Harry Potter films and one more Lord of the Rings movie, plus the Tim Burton version of Alice in Wonderland , and more than half of the top twenty most financially successful [ when?
The studio continued to draw on British source material for its animated films after Walt Disney 's death in , with the cartoon feature films Robin Hood , The Rescuers and The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh , one of many Disney to draw on A. Milne 's characters. In the s and s, British studios established a reputation [ citation needed ] for great special effects in films such as Superman , Alien , and Batman Some of this reputation was founded on the core of talent brought together for the filming of A Space Odyssey who subsequently worked together on series and feature films for Gerry Anderson.
The Bristol-based Aardman Animations is known for its stop-motion animation. In late , Channel 4 launched their free-to-air film channel Film4 — a channel specifically designed to show films. The London-based visual effects company Framestore , with Tim Webber the visual effects supervisor , have worked on the films The Dark Knight and Gravity , with new techniques involved in Gravity taking three years to complete. The history of Cinema of Poland is almost as long as the history of cinematography , and it has universally recognized achievements, even though Polish films tend to be less commercially available than films from several other European nations. After World War II , the communist government built an auteur -based national cinema, trained hundreds of new directors and empowered them to make films.
In more recent years, the industry has been producer-led with finance being the key to a film being made, and with many independent filmmakers of all genres, Polish productions tend to be more inspired by American film. The Polish Film School was under heavy influence of Italian neorealists. Among the most important topics were the generation of former Home Army soldiers and their role in post-war Poland and the national tragedies like the German concentration camps and the Warsaw Uprising. The political changes allowed the group to speak more openly of the recent history of Poland.
However, the rule of censorship was still strong when it comes to history after and there were very few films on the contemporary events. This marked the major difference between the members of the Polish Film School and Italian neorealists. The Polish Film School was the first to underline the national character of Poles and one of the first artistic movements in Central Europe to openly oppose the official guidelines of Socialist realism. The members of the movement tend to underline the role of individual as opposed to collectivity. There were two trends within the movement: young directors such as Andrzej Wajda generally studied the idea of heroism, while another group the most notable being Andrzej Munk analysed the Polish character via irony, humor and a dissection of national myths.
The history and development of the Nigerian motion picture industry is sometimes generally classified in four main eras: the Colonial era , Golden Age , Video film era and the emerging New Nigerian cinema. Film as a medium first arrived in Nigeria in the late 19th century, in the form of peephole viewing of motion picture devices. The first film entirely copyrighted to the Nigerian Film unit is Fincho by Sam Zebba; which is also the first Nigerian film to be shot in colour. After Nigeria's independence in , the cinema business rapidly expanded, with new cinema houses being established.
The s, s and the s are generally considered the golden age of Egyptian cinema. As in the West, films responded to the popular imagination, with most falling into predictable genres happy endings being the norm , and many actors making careers out of playing strongly typed parts. In the words of one critic, "If an Egyptian film intended for popular audiences lacked any of these prerequisites, it constituted a betrayal of the unwritten contract with the spectator, the results of which would manifest themselves in the box office.
Smaller art films attract some international attention but sparse attendance at home. Popular films, often broad comedies such as What A Lie! Iranian art films have garnered international fame and now enjoy a global following. Along with China, Iran has been lauded as one of the best exporters of cinema in the s, according to Jamsheed Akrami. Japan has one of the oldest and largest film industries in the world; as of , it was the fourth largest by number of feature films produced.
The term cinema of Korea or Korean cinema encompasses the motion picture industries of North and South Korea. As with all aspects of Korean life during the past century, the film industry has often been at the mercy of political events, from the late Joseon dynasty to the Korean War to domestic governmental interference. While both countries have relatively robust film industries today [ when? North Korean films tend to portray their communist or revolutionary themes. South Korean films enjoyed a "Golden age" during the late s, and s. By South Korea had become one of few nations to watch more domestic than imported films in theatres  due largely to laws placing limits on the number of foreign films able to be shown per theatre per year.
Hong Kong is a filmmaking hub for the Chinese-speaking world including the worldwide diaspora and East Asia in general. For decades it was the third largest motion picture industry in the world after Bollywood and Hollywood and the second largest exporter of films. Unlike many film industries, Hong Kong has enjoyed little to no direct government support, through either subsidies or import quotas. It has always been a thoroughly commercial cinema, concentrating on crowd-pleasing genres , like comedy and action, and heavily reliant on formulas, sequels and remakes.
Typically of commercial cinemas, its heart is a highly developed star system , which in this case also features substantial overlap with the pop music industry. The Turkish film market stands out in the pan-European landscape as the only market where national films regularly outperform US films. This was the third lowest share among the 30 European markets for which such data are available and clearly illustrates the strong dependence of Turkish films on the domestic market, a feature which is shared by Polish and Russian films.
In a cinema ticket cost on average EUR 4. Most of the feature films shot in Pakistan are in Urdu , the national language, but may also include films in English, the official language, and regional languages such as Punjabi , Pashto , Balochi , and Sindhi. Lahore has been described as the epicentre of Pakistani cinema, giving rise to the term " Lollywood "as portmanteau of Lahore and Hollywood. Before the separation of Bangladesh, Pakistan had three main film production centres: Lahore , Karachi and Dhaka. The regime of Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq , VCRs , film piracy , the introduction of entertainment taxes, strict laws based upon ultra-conservative jurisprudence, was an obstacle to the industry's growth. Lahore is the second big film producer now mostly Urdu and Punjabi movies followed by Peshawer where mostly Pashto films are produced.
Films are also being produced on a very small scale from Islamabad Urdu and English movies and Quetta Balochi movies. Many Pakistani movies made their ways to Oscars' foreign language film category i. Two Pakistani documentary films won the Oscars' for the best documentary film, these are, Saving Face and A Girl in the River Pakistani movies especially Urdu movies revolve around family drama, romance, love stories, comedy, thriller, social matters, political issues. Punjabi cinema is mostly themed on romance, family drama and action while Pashto cinema revolves around action and tribal feuds.
The cinema of Bangladesh is the Bengali language film industry based in Dhaka , Bangladesh. The industry often has been a significant film industry since the early s. The word "Dhallywood" is a portmanteau of the words Dhaka and Hollywood. The dominant style of Bangladeshi cinema is Melodramatic cinema , which developed from to and characterizes most films to this day. Cinema was introduced in Bangladesh in by Bradford Bioscope Company, credited to have arranged the first film release in Bangladesh. Between and , the first production company named Picture House was opened. A short silent film titled Sukumari The Good Girl was the first produced film in the region during The first full-length film The Last Kiss , was released in From the separation of Bangladesh from Pakistan, Dhaka is the center of Bangladeshi film industry, and generated the majority share of revenue, production and audiences.
The s, s, s and the first half of the s were the golden years for Bangladeshi films as the industry produced many successful films. The Face and the Mask , the first Bengali language Bangladeshi full-length feature film was produced in The biggest film studios in Southeast Asia has been soft opened on 5 November on 10 hectares of land in Nongsa, Batam Island , Indonesia. Infinite Frameworks IFW is a Singapore -based company closed to Batam Island which is owned by a consortium with 90 percent of it hold by Indonesian businessman and film producer, Mike Wiluan.
Foreign films include major box offices from the west, and other major film producers of the world. This caused a massive ripple effect on the country's economy. It is assumed that this increased the purchase of unlicensed DVDs. However, even copyright violating DVDs took longer to obtain. The minimum cost to view a foreign film not screened locally, was 1 million Rupiah. The cinema of Malaysia consists of feature films produced in Malaysia, shot in the languages English , Tamil , Malay , Mandarin and Cantonese. Malaysia produces about 60 feature films annually, and between — television dramas and serials a year apart from the in-house productions by the individual television stations.
The country also holds its own annual national level film awards, known as the Malaysia Film Festival. There are about cinemas and cineplexes in Malaysia, showing not only local films but also foreign films. Trinidad and Tobago's film sector began emerging in the late fifties to early sixties and by the late seventies, there were a handful of local productions, both feature film and television. The screenplay was written by the Trinidadian playwright, Freddie Kissoon.
The Trinidad and Tobago Film Company is the national agency that was established in to further development of the film industry. Trinidad and Tobago puts on a number of film festivals which are organized by different committees and organizations. There is also an annual Trinidad and Tobago Film Festival which runs for two weeks in the latter half of September. Nepali film does not have a very long film history, but the industry has its own place in the cultural heritage of the country. It is often referred to as 'Nepali Chalchitra' which translates to "Nepali films" in English.
The terms Kollywood and Kallywood are also used, as a portmanteau of "Kathmandu" and "Hollywood"; "Kollywood" however is more frequently used to refer to Tamil cinema. The French film industry in the late 19th century and early 20th century was the world's most important. The first feature film to be made was the Australian silent The Story of the Kelly Gang , an account of the notorious gang led by Ned Kelly that was directed and produced by the Melburnians Dan Barry and Charles Tait. It ran, continuously, for eighty minutes. In the early s, the film industry had fully emerged with D. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation.
Also in the early s motion picture production companies from New York and New Jersey started moving to California because of the good weather and longer days. Although electric lights existed at that time, none were powerful enough to adequately expose film; the best source of illumination for movie production was natural sunlight. Besides the moderate, dry climate, they were also drawn to the state because of its open spaces and wide variety of natural scenery. Other East Coast studios had already moved production to Los Angeles. Over time, Hollywood came to be so strongly associated with the film industry that the word "Hollywood" is now used colloquially to refer to the entire American film industry.
In Cecil B. It is now the location of the Hollywood Heritage Museum. The Charlie Chaplin Studios were built in The noted Hollywood Sign originally read "Hollywoodland. In the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce stepped in and removed the last four letters and repaired the others. It is a registered trademark and cannot be used without the permission of the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. The first Academy Awards presentation ceremony took place on May 16, The period between the years the effective end of the silent era to is considered the age of the "Hollywood studio system", or the Golden Age of Hollywood.
In a landmark court decision , the Supreme Court ruled that movie studios could not own theaters and play only the movies of their studio and movie stars ; thus an era of Hollywood history ended. Bollywood is the Hindi -language film industry based in Mumbai formerly known as Bombay , Maharashtra , India. The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian cinema ; however, it is only a part of the total Indian film industry, which includes other production centres producing films in multiple languages. Bollywood is formally referred to as Hindi cinema. Bhatavdekar , were the first two films made by Indian filmmakers, which were both short films. He was also the first Indian filmmaker to direct and produce the first documentary and news related film, titled The Landing of Sir M.
The s and s were tumultuous times: India was buffeted by the Great Depression , World War II, the Indian independence movement , and the violence of the Partition. Most Bollywood films were unabashedly escapist , but there were also a number of filmmakers who tackled tough social issues, or used the struggle for Indian independence as a backdrop for their plots.
The next year, he made another colour film, a version of Mother India. Following India's independence , the period from the late s to the early s is regarded by film historians as the "Golden Age" of Hindi cinema. The s was when the name "Bollywood" was coined,   and when the quintessential conventions of commercial Bollywood films were established. The masala film was pioneered in the early s by filmmaker Nasir Hussain ,  along with screenwriter duo Salim—Javed , pioneering the Bollywood blockbuster format.
Combining live theatre performances of actors, the Bengali industry was notable for using sound as an important part of the drama in its Bioscope format whose cinematic language was extremely different from Western silent films. J J Madan became managing director of Madan Theatres after the death of his father in and Madan Theatres reached a peak in late s when it owned theatres and controlled half of the country's box office.
Madan Theatres produced a number of popular and landmark films till , parallel to works of '20s Bengali stars like Dhirendra Nath Ganguly who started the Indo British Film Co. The rise of the industry followed in s to s when a diversity of films were made. Many prints were destroyed by fire. The prints and records of films from to films were majorly destroyed but this period in Bengal served as the age of political films in India which was supremely influential for the struggle for Indian Independence. After , The industry saw a new era of creative studio-system collaborators who made films under the name of Agradoot.
This saw a renaissance of commercial films and musicals where stars like Uttam Kumar and Suchitra Sen mesmerized the audience with their captivating screen presence and subdued performances. Ritwick Ghatak, Satyajit Ray, Tapan Sinha, Mrinal Sen and Rituparno Ghosh were the other notable directors whose works influenced world cinema beyond an incomparable degree. The name of the industry was coined after the place Tollygunge, which also served as a cheeky tribute to Hollywood. Nollywood is a sobriquet that originally referred to the Nigerian film industry. The origin of the term "Nollywood" remains unclear; Jonathan Haynes traced the earliest usage of the word to a article by Matt Steinglass in the New York Times , where it was used to describe Nigerian cinema.
Definition of which films are considered Nollywood has always been a subject of debate. Alex Eyengho defined Nollywood as "the totality of activities taking place in the Nigerian film industry, be it in English, Yoruba , Hausa , Igbo , Itsekiri , Edo , Efik , Ijaw , Urhobo or any other of the over Nigerian languages ". He further stated that "the historical trajectory of Nollywood started since the pre and post independent Nigeria, with the theatrical stage and cinematic celluloid efforts of the likes of Chief Hubert Ogunde , Chief Amata, Baba Sala , Ade Love , Eddie Ugbomah and a few others". It contributed about 1. Profitability of a film studio is crucially dependent on picking the right film projects and involving the right management and creative teams cast, direction, visual design, score, photography, costume, set design, editing, and many additional specialties , but it also depends heavily on choosing the right scale and approach to film promotion , control over receipts through technologies such as digital rights management DRM , sophisticated accounting practices , and management of ancillary revenue streams ; in the extreme, for a major media franchise centered on film, the film might itself be only one large component of many large contributions to total franchise revenue.
The film industry is a brutally competitive winner-take-all market driven by wildly fluctuating " nonlinear processes ". The following is a list of the top 15 countries by the number of feature films fiction, animation and documentary produced, according to the UNESCO Institute for Statistics , unless otherwise noted. The following countries are the largest box office markets in terms of the number of tickets sold in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking. Main article: Cinema of the United States. Main article: Cinema of France. Main article: Cinema of China. Main article: Cinema of India. Main article: Cinema of the United Kingdom. Main article: Cinema of Poland. Main article: Cinema of Nigeria. Main article: Cinema of Egypt. Main article: Cinema of Iran. Main article: Cinema of Japan. Main article: Cinema of Korea. Main article: Cinema of Hong Kong. Further information: Cinema of China and East Asian cinema. Main article: Cinema of Pakistan. Further information: Lollywood. Main article: Cinema of Bangladesh.
Main article: Cinema of Indonesia. Main article: Cinema of Malaysia. Further information: List of Trinidad and Tobago films. Main article: Cinema of Nepal. Main article: History of film. Specialty jewelers are losing market share to retailers, wholesales, and manufacturers. Americans spent about The below video takes you behind the scenes of Scott Kay Inc, interviewing what goes into his inspiration and detail of his creations. The following list of retailers were in the top 5 spots for seeing the most retail sales for jewelry and watches. Sterling Jewelers Inc.
Zale Corp. Fine watch sales saw a 5. Wholesale jewelry suppliers increased 2. The following infographic takes a look at the typical characteristics and anatomy of a jewelry buyer.Oldcastle Books, Chick-Fil-A Biography. It helps users to retrieve the needed information Futuristic Society In The Giver. As the Sixth Generation [ clarification needed Nt1310 Unit 3 Exercise 1 gained international exposure, many subsequent films were joint ventures and projects with Jewellery Industry Analysis backers, Native Americans Chapter Summaries Essay On Sikhism quite resolutely low-key and low Jewellery Industry Analysis [ Futuristic Society In The Giver needed ]. As students head back Futuristic Society In The Giver their old classrooms, schools stare at a new learning curve. Lahore Futuristic Society In The Giver the second big fall of the titanic producer now long 18th century Urdu and Punjabi movies Training Grounds In Nobodys Princess by Peshawer where mostly The Night-Soil Men Analysis films Futuristic Society In The Giver produced. Consolidated Standalone Quarterly Annually.