What Are The Effects Of The Progressive Era

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What Are The Effects Of The Progressive Era



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The Progressive Era

Jean Luc Ponty, Bill Bruford or David Sancious or they represent the most forward-looking and progressive element in their genre e. It should be noted that those many Canterbury jazz rock fusion bands, e. It was intended to go beyond the eccentricities developed by the wild psychedelic rock universe of the US, by giving a special emphasis to electronic treatments, sound manipulation and minimal hypnotic motifs continuing the style of "musique concrete" and minimalist repetitive music but within a more accessible environment. Krautrock put the emphasis on extended and ecstatic instrumental epics, neglecting the format of conventional psych-pop songs.

The term Krautrock was first used by the British music press in a very derogatory way. The term rapidly found a better reputation in underground music circles and finally gained a certain popularity thanks to the Brain-Festival Essen With their own particular artistic expression, these musical collectives provided rocking psychedelic incantations, mantra like drones, melancholic lugubrious atmospheres, long and convoluted collective improvisations, binary repetitive drum pulses, fuzz guitars, feedback, primitive electronic noises, hallucinatory ballads, and garage blues rock trips. Krautrock can be described as an anarchic, intense, acid, tellurian, nocturnal, spacey, dark and oniric "adventure" through rock music. The most consistent years of the Krautrock scene cover a relatively short period from to After their first spontaneous, hyperactive and psychedelic efforts, the bands generally split up or declined into other musical sensibilities, more in line with mainstream rock or with ambient soundscapes.

Each region develops its particular musical scene, interpreting differently the Krautrock musical structure. Cologne and Dusseldorf underground scenes focused on happenings, political rock, electronics, pulsating rhythms and clean sounding Krautrock Floh de Cologne, La Dusseldorf, Neu! This musical cartography is correct in the absolute but naturally reveals some variations and exceptions. This intriguing and freak 'n' roll 's German scene enjoyed a rebirth in recent years thanks to a large number of reissues of long lost classics published by several independent labels Spalax, Garden of Delights, Long Hair Music There are actually some neo psychedelic rock bands who try to hold up Krautrock, and who notably find a major place to express themselves during the historical Burg Herzberg Festival in Germany.

Neo-Progressive rock more commonly "Neo-Prog" is a subgenre of Progressive Rock that originally was used to describe artists strongly influenced by the classic symphonic prog bands that flourished during the s. At the beginning of the neo-prog movement, the primary influence was early to mid's Genesis. Debate over when Neo-Prog actually came into being often takes place, with some asserting it began with Marillion's Script for a Jester's Tear in Others contend it began with Twelfth Night at the dawn of the 80s, while some even suggest the popular symphonic prog band Genesis gave rise to Neo-Prog with their album, A Trick of the Tail.

This new form of progressive rock originated in the UK, and is most strongly associated with bands such as Marillion, Pendragon and IQ; and while theatrical stage antics were a part of the live performances of many artists exploring this subset of the progressive rock genre it's the musical elements that are key to the genre; typified by the use of atmospheric guitar and synth soloing with symphonic leanings, with a tendency towards floating synth layers and dreamy soloing.

An additional trait is the use of modern synths rather than vintage analogue synths and keyboards. The main reasons for Neo-Progressive artists to be separated from the ones exploring Symphonic Prog in the first place are the above, as well as a heavier emphasis on song-form and melody than some of their earlier symphonic counterparts. As time went by other artists appeared that also deviated from the norms created by the classic wave of progressive rock artists in the 70's.

The late 70's had given the world punk music; the 80's gave the world new wave; and the 90's grunge. These, as well as other forms, had a tremendous amount of influence outside of the progressive rock realm. The advent of the modern synth also inspired artists like Tomita, Vangelis and Kitaro to explore dreamier musical works. These and other forms of more or less newly made musical genres influenced artists exploring progressive rock as well. Although many artists did so within the framework of 70's progressive rock, more and more artists developed a sound and style so heavily influenced by these more recent musical developments that categorizing them within the existing subgenres of progressive rock became increasingly difficult.

While the Neo-Progressive genre initially consisted of artists exploring a modernized version of Symphonic Prog, these days artists coined as Neo-Progressive cover a multitude of musical expressions, where the common denominator is the inclusion - within a progressive rock framework - of musical elements developed just prior to and after The Neo-Progressive genre in it's refined form thus covers a vast musical territory, to some extent covering all existing subsets of progressive rock and also searching out towards genres as different as new age on one side and punk and metal on the other. POST-ROCK : The term post-rock was coined by Simon Reynolds in issue of The Wire May to describe a sort of music "using rock instrumentation for non-rock purposes, using guitars as facilitators of timbres and textures rather than riffs and powerchords.

Bands from the early s such as Slint, or earlier, such as Talk Talk were influential on this genre. As with many musical genres, the term is arguably inadequate: it is used for the music of Tortoise as well as that of Mogwai, two bands who have very little in common besides the fact that their music is largely instrumental. The aforementioned Tortoise was among the founders of the movement. After Millions In the late nineties, Chicago, Illinois, became the home base of many different groups. Post-rock began to range from the slow, guitar-based ambience of Boxhead Ensemble to the up-tempo electronica of Stereolab.

Black Emperor' - brought a political element with anti-globalization movement leanings. By the early s, the term had started to fall out of favor, while the major artists kept on making high quality recordings. The wide range of styles covered by the term had robbed it of its usefulness almost from the moment it was coined. Closely related to post-rock is the genre known as Math rock, characterized by more percussive timbres, and more dissonant harmonic gestures. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Post-rock". The music is characterized by complex structures, angular melodies and constant abrupt changes in tempo and time signature. The name Math Rock is a term that grew out of the Chicago scene and the artists working with engineer Steve Albini in an effort to describe the new style.

The basic building blocks of Math Rock can be traced back to the late 60's and 70's where Progressive Rock artists were making more elaborate compositions than the standard rock bands and were experimenting with song structures. Early Avant-garde groups like Massacre, and artists such as Captain Beefheart and John Zorn were highly influential to Math Rock bands and traces of their music can still be heard throughout the genre. Another big influence to the Math Rock approach was Slint with their album "Spiderland" which showcased many techniques that Math Rock bands will follow in the future. Punk also had significant impact on the sound of Math Rock bands.

Although there are Math Rock bands in different countries around the world, most reside in the United States, the Midwest in particular, and tend to be divided by regions: Pittsburgh bands Don Caballero, Six Horse Chicago bands Shellac, U. In the wake of the s, a Folk revival started on both sides of the Atlantic, and got quickly linked with a protest movement, not always, but often linked to more left-wing tendencies, which did not sit well with the authorities. As DYLAN turned electric with his Highway 61 Revisited album, much to the dislike of purists who yelled for treason, Folk Rock was born, opening the floodgates for younger artists to turn on the electricity. By this time, most connoisseur were talking of Acid Folk, Psych Folk, and Progressive Folk, all having limited differences and no particularly drawn-out limits or boundaries, but all relying on experimental or groundbreaking adventures and good musicianship but not necessarily of an acoustic nature.

By , all of the glorious precursors bands were selling fewer records and had problems renewing themselves and a newer generation of groups was relying in a more Celtic jigs or really traditional sounds. Ian Anderson another Scots was very keen in acoustical traditional songs. There is also a very important medieval music influences dimension in some groups as the term Medieval Folk was also mentioned for a while but apparently dropped by musicologists. No musical genre exists in a vacuum. Not all of the bands that have been a part of the history and development of progressive rock are necessarily progressive rock bands themselves.

This is why progarchives has included a genre called prog-related, so we could include all the bands that complete the history of progressive rock, whether or not they were considered full-fledged progressive rock bands themselves. There are many criteria that the prog-related evaluation team considers when deciding which bands are considered prog-related. Very few bands will meet all of this criteria, but this list will give an idea as to some of the things that help evaluate whether an artists is prog-related or not. Although both of these artists created rock music in a dizzying array of genres, both contributed to the ongoing history of progressive rock several times within the span of their careers. It may surprise some people that as late as the mids the US had very few original progressive rock bands that did not sound like exact copies of British bands.

Journey was one of the first US bands to present a uniquely American brand of prog-rock before they eventually became a mainstream rock band. We have collaborators from all over the world who tell us which bands helped the progressive rock scene develop in their corner of the globe, even if those bands were like Journey and were known more for being mainstream rock bands. In the late 70s and early 80s prog-rock was barely a blip on the radar. During this time artists such as David Bowie and Metallica released albums that captured key elements of the spirit of prog rock and did so while contributing their own original modern elements to the mix.

Although Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath and Wishbone Ash may seem like mere hard rock bands, in their time they stood apart from other hard rockers with their more serious lyrical content and more developed compositions. Put simply, in the early 70s every prog-rock record collector usually had full collections of all three of these artists. These three bands were very much part of the prog-rock scene without being total prog-rock bands them selves.

Once again, as we enter the second decade of the 21st century a melting pot of prog-metal, math-rock, progressive electronics and post-rock influences have once again made a progressive tendency in rock music almost more a norm than a difference. Yet in other periods of musical history receiving influence from progressive rock could really set a band apart and make them worthy of our prog-related category. Being influenced by progressive rock is hardly the only factor we look at, and in some periods of musical history it is almost meaningless, but still, it is almost a given that most of the artists listed in prog-related were influenced by the development of progressive rock. Sometimes you just have to use some common sense and look at the big picture.

A very good way to describe prog-related would be to imagine an exhaustive book that covered the history of progressive rock. Probably so. Born in the late 60's after the expansion of avant-gardist, modern, post-modern and minimalist experimentation, the progressive electronic movement immediately guides us into a musical adventure around technologies and new possibilities for composition. As an author or a searcher, the musician often creates his own modules and electronic combinations, deciding his own artistic and musical action.

The visionary works of Stockhausen, Subotnick, John Cage "concrete" music, electro-acoustic experimentation , La Monte Young, Steve Reich, Terry Riley minimal, micro-tonal music express a vision of total reconstruction in the current musical world. Luminous works such as "A Rainbow in Curved Air" and "Silver Apples of the Moon" bring an inflexion on opened forms and new ways to explore the essence and the physical aspects of sounds through time and space. A great improvement happened in with the appearance of the first modular synthesiser Moog.

This material or "invention" brings the answer to the technological aspirations of many musicians, mainly after the release of the popular "Switched on Bach" Walter Carlos and Mother Mallard's portable masterpiece pieces composed between At the beginning of popular essays in electronica, the pioneering technologies in term of recording and sound transmission will not be abandoned. After several innovations always from Germany we notice the dark, doomy atmospheric manifests of Nekropolis Peter Frohmader in "Le culte des Goules" , Asmus Tietchens in his colourful and engaged "Biotop" and the semi-ambient "Hermeneutic Music" by Lars Troschen sound sculptor and synthesist.

In France, the "hypnotic" and "propulsive" electronic essays of Heldon "Electronic Guerrilla" and Lard Free "Spiral Malax" introduce an inclination for industrial, urban and post-modern sound projections. The French "avant gardist" Philippe Besombes takes back the inspiration of " concrete music" Pierre Henry. During the 80's, Maurizio Bianchi will be in search of the absolute industrial "post-nuclear" sound tapestry. His visionary musical experience is based on cyclical loops, abrasive concrete noises and vertiginous piano dreamscapes.

B Iehn Tale" Before M. B and the industrial-bruitist wave, the 70's Italian specialists of electronic experiments had been among others Francesco Cabiati Mirage, , Francesco Bucherri Journey, , and Francesco Messina for representative, lyrical and spacey orchestrations and also Futuro Antica D'ai primitivi all'elettronica, or Telaio Magnetico Live' 75 for tripped out minimalism. The music offers a dynamic combination between ancient-traditional music of the West and synthesised sonic soundscapes. Their music embodies timbral drone sequences, systematic arpeggiations and synth-pop textures. Young contemporary bands and artists in electronic experimentation took their inspiration from the 70's "kosmische" analog synth psychedelica of Klaus Schulze, Conrad Schnitzler, Tangerine Dream, etc.

To sum up things, the progressive electronic subgenre is dedicated to intricate, moving, cerebral, intrusive electronic experiences that get involved in "kosmische", dark ambient, post industrial, droning, surreal or impressionist soundscapes territories. This category represents the core movement of what is called "Progressive Metal" in the literal sense. It is a subgenre of progressive rock as much as it is a subgenre of heavy metal, and this is how its sound is defined: a blend of heavy, guitar-oriented metal music enriched with compositional innovation and complex arrangements, usually expressed through diverse instrumentation and often but not always with odd-time signatures.

Common, but not essential to define the movement, are the frequent use of keyboards, high-pitched vocals, concept lyrical themes and tracks of longer duration. The Origins: The heavy sound of some of the progressive rock bands of the 70's has been one of the building blocks on which progressive metal was raised. The former were essentially playing progressive metal as ASLAN in the mid's and developed a highly eclectic sound in the 90's. The latter's debut classifies them among the European prog-thrash pioneers but their music evolved to more melodic patterns and heavily influenced by RUSH in the early 90's.

Progressive metal is difficult to further divide in sub-genres but a number of tendencies or movements have been critical to the evolvement of its sound. Traditional Progressive Metal The style developed by the pioneers was fully established in the s and includes a range of bands from the two sides of the Atlantic. Among the well-known representatives of what is called American Power Metal e. Power-Progressive Metal European style This category includes a broad range of bands that could sound fairly dissimilar to each other but their music is significantly influenced by the European Power Metal primarily German bands of the 80's e. Nevertheless their music is quite demanding to play and contains many elements of serious classical composition and form.

Also the idea of thematically conceptual albums has returned in accord with the practices of the Progressive Metal pioneers. The denomination Proto Prog comes from the combination of two words, Proto from the Greek The earliest,. These bands normally were formed and released albums before Progressive Rock had completely developed there are some rare Proto Prog bands from the early 70's, because the genre didn't expanded to all the Continents simultaneously The common elements in all these bands is that they developed one or more elements of Prog, and even when not completely defined as part of the genre, they are without any doubt, an important stage in the evolution of Progressive Rock.

Generally, Proto Prog bands are the direct link between Psyche and Prog and for that reason the Psychedelic components are present in the vast majority of them, but being that Progressive Rock was born from the blending of different genres, we have broadened the definition to cover any band that combined some elements of Progressive Rock with other genres prior to Psychedelic Progressive Rock Progressive rock music has its roots in the mid 's psychedelic cultural phenomena. During that time the British Invasion and folk-rock bands began to expand the sonic possibilities of their music. Just as important was the incorporation of elements from Indian and Eastern music.

Along them the principles of free-form jazz were included to the psychedelic sound, emphasising spontaneous emotions over calculated and estimated compositional constructions. Experimenting with new studio technology, electronically altering instruments and voices, was a part of this altered approach as well. The boundary dividing the "Experimental" and "Progressive" classification is a thin and at times contested one for this era.

The pioneering psychedelic progressive rock bands to be found at www. Psychedelic progressive rock music may contain the elements previously described in varying combinations, but the artistic perspective of progressive rock is another factor. Some psychedelic rock bands stuck to the mid 's beat rock style in purist form, not partaking in the experimental development of the impressionistic possibilities of psychedelic rock music others spearheaded. The entire Western pop culture scene was influenced by the psychedelic culture to some extent, including other prog genres such as Prog Folk.

The pioneering early 70's bands in this genre represent the progressive acid rock sound of Germany, experimenting with long instrumental improvisations, emphasizing the use of psychedelic effects and weird electronic sounds. The synthesizer with its bubbling tones and spacey patterns, provoking a gliding flow, is a typical instrument of this genre.

Several bands combine their live performances with trippy lightshows using random fractals. Albums in this genre will often include at least one long meandering jam based on a main theme, where loops and wavelike fluctuations provides slight variations to this structural foundation. Stories, images, song titles and album names referring to cosmic themes are fairly common features of the genre. His lyrics are performed by a narrator and underlaid with synth elements.

Other bands explored the space rock sound for a limited time period only. GONG released groundbreaking albums in the genre at the start of their career, while British hard rock band UFO released the extraordinary album "Flying - One Hour Space Rock" as their sole contribution to the genre in A space rock scene can be found in most countries sporting artists producing music with a western-oriented or influenced sound. Swedish bands are known for a brisk exchange of musicians among each other. The "Strange Daze" festivals from showcased the American space rock scene.

Japan is an inexhaustible reservoir of artists exploring both psychedelic progressivce rock and progressive space rock. The boundaries of Psychedelic Progressive Rock connected with Stoner Rock and Acid Folk The 's and 70's were a time of liberation, a time of rebellion against rigid rules and strict moral boundaries. In those "freedom of expression" days, an artist would typically herald their liberal attitudes as a mind-expanding trip on stage together with the audience in two ways.

As for the latter approach, they devoted themselves solely to slow-to-mid tempo playing with low-tuned guitars in a heavy and expansive manner for playing steadily under this twilight condition. In the same time period, this approach to the musical trip was also taken on by some artists especially in the hard rock and heavy metal scene. This new style, drenched in heavy and downer psychedelia, was called "Stoner Rock". The name originates from the expression "stoned", referring to people in altered states of mind while under the influence of psychedelic substances.

The Stoner Rock genre was universalized "as a strict musical style only" by the Industrial Grunge Rock genre that gained worldwide popularity in the early s. The common denominator of all the artists mentioned is the representation of their personal cultural and political backgrounds, whilst playing slow-paced depressive songs with heavy guitars and echoic rumbling drums as the dominating features. Most of current outfits claiming to be the so-called Psychedelic Heavy Progressive Rock ones should be much influenced by the traditional Stoner or Grunge Rock as well as the early Psychedelic Progressive Rock. They can be considered as a borderline case between Psychedelic Progressive, Heavy Progressive, and Progressive Metal.

Psych Folk or Psychedelic Folk are other names for this genre, and is vaguely defined as a rock subgenre due to the mixture of folk rock and psychedelic rock. This is a style lacking in strict definitions, and it is contested whether or not the term was actually used at what is deemed the dawn of the genre. It's an undeniable fact that the Acid Folk scene gained some popularity by the efforts of artists in "The Folk Revivalism", but it's important to remember that there were two distinctly different approaches taken by those who helped shape the genre in the mid 's. Some folk singers approached a psychedelic rock structure as was popular at that time, while some psychedelic rock outfits tried to absorb and incorporate techniques and elements from folk rock.

Both have great importance in the development of Acid Folk, and this may be the reason that strict definitions of the genre cannot be given. They, as eccentric or heretical rock outfits, accepted and incorporated Middle-Eastern and Oriental elements or instruments, and the result was the foundation for the current progressive Acid Folk movement. Their amazing achievements resides in the twilight zone between the Prog Folk and Psychedelic Prog subgenres. A path that never ends In addition of the styles described, psychedelic elements can be found in many other genres of progressive rock. The psychedelic cultural explosion had an immense influence on the western popular culture, and traces of it can still be heard also outside of progressive rock circles.

As the psychedelic movement was a large cultural phenomenon, it is difficult and maybe unnecessary to fence it to a clear category. The Progressive Movement. African American Reformers of the Progressive Era. Women's Suffrage. African American Newspapers. Resources and Further Reading. Femi Lewis. African American History Expert. Femi Lewis is a writer and educator who specializes in African American history topics, including enslavement, activism, and the Harlem Renaissance. Updated December 12, Cite this Article Format. Lewis, Femi. African Americans in the Progressive Era. Biography of W. Du Bois, Black Activist and Scholar. Essay paper civil services Terminology in research paper essay writing on mother's day. How to title a movie in an essay. Drug issues essay.

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