Walt Disney Body

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Walt Disney Body



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Disney Theory: Was Frozen Created To Hide The Truth About Walt Disney?

Founded as Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio in , renamed Walt Disney Studio in and incorporated as Walt Disney Productions in , the studio was exclusively dedicated to producing short films until it expanded into feature production in , resulting in 's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs , one of the first full-length animated feature films and the first one made in the United States. In , during a large corporate restructuring, Walt Disney Productions, which had grown from a single animation studio into an international multimedia company , was renamed The Walt Disney Company and the animation studio Walt Disney Feature Animation in order to differentiate it from the other divisions.

Its current name was adopted in after Pixar Animation Studios was acquired by Disney in the previous year. For much of its existence, the studio was recognized as the premier American animation studio; [9] it developed many of the techniques, concepts and principles that became standard practices of traditional animation. As of March [update] , the studio was no longer developing hand-drawn animated features and had laid off most of their hand-drawn animation division - although they still make hand-drawn animated shorts.

Disney founded Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio in Los Angeles in and got their start producing a series of silent Alice Comedies short films featuring a live-action child actress in an animated world. Winkler 's Winkler Pictures , which later also distributed a second Disney short subject series, the all-animated Oswald the Lucky Rabbit , through Universal Pictures starting in In February , the studio moved next door to office space of its own at Kingswell Avenue.

In , Disney put down a deposit on a new location at Hyperion Avenue in the nearby Silver Lake neighborhood , which came to be known as the Hyperion Studio to distinguish it from the studio's other locations, and, in January , the studio moved there and took on the name Walt Disney Studio. Meanwhile, after the first year's worth of Oswald s, Walt Disney attempted to renew his contract with Winkler Pictures, but Charles Mintz , who had taken over Margaret Winkler's business after marrying her, wanted to force Disney to accept a lower advance payment for each Oswald short.

Disney refused and, as Universal owned the rights to Oswald rather than Disney, Mintz set up his own animation studio to produce Oswald cartoons. Most of Disney's staff was hired away by Mintz to move over once Disney's Oswald contract expired in mid Working in secret while the rest of the staff finished the remaining Oswalds on contract, Disney and his head animator Ub Iwerks led a small handful of loyal staffers in producing cartoons starring a new character named Mickey Mouse. For the third Mickey cartoon, however, Disney produced a soundtrack, collaborating with musician Carl Stalling and businessman Pat Powers , who provided Disney with his bootlegged "Cinephone" sound-on-film process.

Subsequently, the third Mickey Mouse cartoon, Steamboat Willie , became Disney's first cartoon with synchronized sound and was a major success upon its November debut at the West 57th Theatre in New York City. In , disputes over finances between Disney and Powers led to Disney's studio, reincorporated on December 16, , as Walt Disney Productions , signing a new distribution contract with Columbia Pictures. Columbia distributed Disney's shorts for two years before the Disney studio entered a new distribution deal with United Artists in The same year, Disney signed a two-year exclusive deal with Technicolor to utilize its new 3-strip color film process , [29] which allowed for fuller-color reproduction where previous color film processors could not.

By the early s, Walt Disney had realized that the success of animated films depended upon telling emotionally gripping stories that would grab the audience and not let go, [35] [36] and this realization led him to create a separate "story department" with storyboard artists dedicated to story development. In , Walt Disney gathered several key staff members and announced his plans to make his first animated feature film. Despite derision from most of the film industry, who dubbed the production "Disney's Folly," Disney proceeded undaunted into the production of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs , [40] which would become the first animated feature in English and Technicolor. Considerable training and development went into the production of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs and the studio greatly expanded, with established animators, artists from other fields and recent college graduates joining the studio to work on the film.

Graham , an art teacher from the nearby Chouinard Art Institute , [10] [40] had begun at the studio in and were greatly expanded into orientation training and continuing education classes. Mickey Mouse switched to Technicolor in , by which time the series had added several major supporting characters, among them Mickey's dog Pluto and their friends Donald Duck and Goofy.

Donald, Goofy and Pluto would all be appearing in series of their own by , and the Donald Duck cartoons eclipsed the Mickey Mouse series in popularity. The studio launched into the production of new animated features, the first of which was Pinocchio , released in February Pinocchio was not initially a box office success. Fantasia , an experimental film produced to an accompanying orchestral arrangement conducted by Leopold Stokowski , was released in November by Disney itself in a series of limited-seating roadshow engagements.

The development of the feature animation department created a caste system at the Disney studio: lesser animators and feature animators in-between assignments were assigned to work on the short subjects, while animators higher in status such as the Nine Old Men worked on the features. Concern over Walt Disney accepting credit for the artists' work as well as debates over compensation led to many of the newer and lower-ranked animators seeking to unionize the Disney studio.

A bitter union strike began in May , which was resolved without the angered Walt Disney's involvement in July and August of that year. Dumbo , in production during the midst of the animators' strike, premiered in October and proved to be a financial success. Production of full-length animated features was temporarily suspended after the release of Bambi. Given the financial failures of some of the recent features and World War II cutting off much of the overseas cinema market, the studio's financiers at the Bank of America would only loan the studio working capital if it temporarily restricted itself to shorts production. Army soldiers who were responsible for protecting nearby aircraft factories from enemy bombers.

In addition, several Disney animators were drafted to fight in the war and the studio was contracted on producing wartime content for every branch of the U. From to , 95 percent of the studio's animation output was for the military. Saludos and Caballeros set the template for several other s Disney releases of "package films": low-budgeted films composed of animated short subjects with animated or live-action bridging material. Toad The studio also produced two features, Song of the South and So Dear to My Heart , which used more expansive live-action stories which still included animated sequences and sequences combining live-action and animated characters. Shorts production continued during this period as well, with Donald Duck , Goofy , and Pluto cartoons being the main output accompanied by cartoons starring Mickey Mouse, Figaro and, in the s, Chip 'n' Dale and Humphrey the Bear.

In addition, Disney began reissuing the previous features, beginning with re-releases of Snow White in , [69] Pinocchio in , and Fantasia in In , Disney returned to the production of full-length features with Cinderella , a feature film based on the fairy tale by Charles Perrault. In addition, an ambitious new project, an adaptation of the Brothers Grimm fairy tale " Sleeping Beauty " set to Tchaikovsky 's classic score, was begun but took much of the rest of the decade to complete.

Alice in Wonderland , released in , met with a lukewarm response at the box office and was a sharp critical disappointment in its initial release. By the mids, with Walt Disney's attention primarily set on new endeavours such as live-action films, television and the Disneyland theme park, [58] production of the animated films was left primarily in the hands of the "Nine Old Men" trust of head animators and directors. This led to several delays in approvals during the production of Sleeping Beauty , [58] which was finally released in By the end of the decade, the Disney short subjects were no longer being produced on a regular basis, with many of the shorts divisions' personnel either leaving the company or being reassigned to work on Disney television programmes such as The Mickey Mouse Club and Disneyland.

The Mickey Mouse , Pluto and Goofy shorts had all ceased regular production by , with Donald Duck and Humphrey continuing and converting to widescreen CinemaScope before the shorts division was shut down in After that, all future shorts were produced by the feature films division until Disney shorts would only be produced on a sporadic basis from this point on, [68] with notable later shorts including [83] Runaway Brain , starring Mickey Mouse [84] and Paperman Despite the layoffs and competition for Walt Disney's attention from the company's expanded live-action film, TV and theme park departments, production continued on feature animation productions at a reduced level.

In , the studio released One Hundred and One Dalmatians , an animated feature that popularized the use of xerography during the process of inking and painting traditional animation cels. The Disney animation training program started at the studio in before the development of Snow White eventually led to Walt Disney helping found the California Institute of the Arts CalArts.

It included a Disney-developed animation program of study among its degree offerings. CalArts became the alma mater of many of the animators who would work at Disney and other animation studios from the s to the present. Milne 's Winnie-the-Pooh stories, Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree , was released in , [90] to be followed by several other Pooh featurettes over the years and a full-length compilation feature, The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh , which was released in Walt Disney died in December , ten months before the studio's next film The Jungle Book , was completed and released.

Following Walt Disney's death, Wolfgang Reitherman continued as both producer and director of the features. Disney, the studio co-founder, died and Walt Disney Productions was left in the hands of Donn Tatum and Card Walker , who alternated as chairman and CEO in overlapping terms until The Rescuers , released in , was a success exceeding the achievements of the previous two Disney features. The production of The Rescuers signaled the beginning of a changing of the guard process in the personnel at the Disney animation studio: [95] as veterans such as Milt Kahl and Les Clark retired, they were gradually replaced by new talents such as Don Bluth , Ron Clements , John Musker and Glen Keane.

Delayed half a year by the defection of the Bluth group, [98] The Fox and the Hound was released in after four years in production. The film was considered a financial success by the studio, and development continued on The Black Cauldron , a long-gestating adaptation of the Chronicles of Prydain series of novels by Lloyd Alexander [98] produced in Super Technirama The Black Cauldron was intended to expand the appeal of Disney animated films to older audiences and to showcase the talents of the new generation of Disney animators from CalArts.

Lasseter was fired from Disney in for pushing the studio to explore computer animation production, [] [] but went on to become the creative head of Pixar , a pioneering computer animation studio that would begin a close association with Disney in the late s. Some of Burton's high-profile projects for Disney would include the stop-motion The Nightmare Before Christmas , a live-action adaptation of Alice in Wonderland , and a stop-motion feature remake of Frankenweenie He subsequently became an animation director at other studios, including Warner Bros.

Animation and Pixar. After a series of corporate takeover attempts in , Roy E. Disney , son of Roy O. Roy E. Between the s and s, the significance of animation to Disney's bottom line was significantly reduced as the company expanded into further live-action production, television and theme parks. Disney intervened, offering to head the feature animation division and turn its fortunes around, [98] while Eisner established the Walt Disney Pictures Television Animation Group to produce lower-cost animation for television.

Disney appointed Peter Schneider president of animation to run the day-to-day operations in On February 6, , Disney executives moved the animation division from the Disney studio lot in Burbank to a variety of warehouses, hangars and trailers located about two miles east 3. About a year later, the growing computer graphics CG group would move there too.

Katzenberg, Schneider, and Roy Disney set about changing the culture of the studio, increasing staffing and production so that a new animated feature would be released every year instead of every two to four. At the same time in , Disney started entering into Australia's long-standing animation industry by purchasing Hanna-Barbera 's Australian studio to start Disney Animation Australia. The film was built around a score from Broadway songwriters Alan Menken and Howard Ashman , who was also a co-producer and story consultant on the film.

The Little Mermaid vigorously relaunched a profound new interest in the animation and musical film genres. Debuting first in a work-in-progress version at the New York Film Festival before its November wide release, Beauty and the Beast , directed by Kirk Wise and Gary Trousdale , was an unprecedented critical and commercial success and would later be regarded as one of the studio's best films. The successes of The Little Mermaid and Beauty and the Beast established the template for future Disney releases during the s: a musical-comedy format with Broadway-styled songs and tentpole action sequences, buoyed by cross-promotional marketing and merchandising, all carefully designed to pull audiences of all ages and types into theatres.

Aladdin and The Lion King had been the highest-grossing films worldwide in each of their respective release years. The flagship California studio was split into two units and expanded, [] and ground was broken on a new Disney Feature Animation building adjacent to the main Disney lot in Burbank, which was dedicated in The Return of Jafar , a sequel to Aladdin and a pilot for the Aladdin television show spin-off , was the first of these productions. Jeffrey Katzenberg and the Disney story team were heavily involved in the development and production of Toy Story , [] the first fully computer-animated feature ever produced.

In addition, the successes of Aladdin and The Lion King spurred a significant increase in the number of American-produced animated features throughout the rest of the decade, with the major film studios establishing new animation divisions such as Fox Animation Studios , Sullivan Bluth Studios , Amblimation , Rich Animation Studios , Turner Feature Animation , and Warner Bros.

Animation being formed to produce films in a Disney-esque musical-comedy format such as We're Back! Out of these non-Disney animated features, only Anastasia was a box-office success. Concerns arose internally at the Disney studio, particularly from Roy E. Disney, about studio chief Jeffrey Katzenberg taking too much credit for the success of Disney's early s releases. Instead, tensions between Katzenberg, Eisner and Disney resulted in Katzenberg being forced to resign from the company on August 24 of that year, [] with Joe Roth taking his place.

In contrast to the early s productions, not all the films in the second half of the renaissance were successful. Fantasia , a sequel to the film that had been a pet project of Roy E. The film was then released in 75 IMAX theaters worldwide from January 1 to April 30, , making it the first animated feature-length film to be released in the format; a standard theatrical release followed on June 15, Produced in pieces when artists were available between productions, [] Fantasia was the first animated feature produced for and released in IMAX format. It had been a musical epic called Kingdom of the Sun before being revised mid-production into a smaller comedy.

By , the notable successes of computer-animated films from Pixar and DreamWorks such as Monsters, Inc. Morale plunged to a low not seen since the start of the studio's ten-year exile to Glendale in The Burbank studio's remaining hand-drawn productions, Treasure Planet and Home on the Range , continued production. Meanwhile, hand-drawn feature animation production continued at the Feature Animation Florida studio, where the films could be produced at lower costs.

By this time, most of the Disney features from the s had been spun off into direct-to-video sequels, television series or both, produced by the Disney Television Animation unit. Beginning with the February release of Return to Never Land , a sequel to Peter Pan , Disney began releasing lower-budgeted sequels to earlier films, which had been intended for video premieres, in theaters, [] a process derided by some of the Disney animation staff and fans of the Disney films.

Stainton continued to oversee Disney's direct-to-video division, Disneytoon Studios , which had been part of the television animation department, [5] though transferred at this time to Walt Disney Feature Animation management. Disney had resigned from The Walt Disney Company, launching with business partner Stanley Gold a second external "SaveDisney" campaign similar to the one that had forced Ron Miller out in , this time to force out Michael Eisner.

One of the studio's first attempts at CG animation, the studio brought back several animators from the Renaissance period to work on the film; each animator worked on a sequence that they had previously worked on, such as Glen Keane animating Ariel for the " Part of Your World " sequence. In , Disney released its first fully computer-animated feature, Chicken Little. He believed that Disney Animation needed new leadership [] and, as part of the acquisition, Edwin Catmull and John Lasseter were named president and Chief Creative Officer , respectively, of Feature Animation as well as Pixar. While Disney executives had discussed closing Feature Animation as redundant, Catmull and Lasseter refused and instead resolved to try to turn things around at the studio. We were determined to save the legacy of Walt Disney's amazing studio and bring it back up to the creative level it had to be.

Saving this heritage was squarely on our shoulders. Smith and Chris Buck. Catmull said that he and Lasseter would "make sure the studios are quite distinct from each other. Each should have its own personality". Catmull and Lasseter also brought to Disney Feature Animation the Pixar model of a "filmmaker-driven studio" as opposed to an "executive-driven studio"; they abolished Disney's prior system of requiring directors to respond to "mandatory" notes from development executives ranking above the producers in favor of a system roughly analogous to peer review , in which non-mandatory notes come primarily from fellow producers, directors and writers.

In , Lasseter renamed Walt Disney Feature Animation Walt Disney Animation Studios , [] and re-positioned the studio as an animation house that produced both traditional and computer-animated projects. In order to keep costs down on hand-drawn productions, animation, design and layout were done in-house at Disney while clean-up animation and digital ink-and-paint were farmed out to vendors and freelancers. The Princess and the Frog , loosely based on the fairy tale the Frog Prince and directed by Ron Clements and John Musker, was the studio's first hand-drawn animated film in five years.

A return to the musical-comedy format of the s with songs by Randy Newman , [] the film was released in to a positive critical reception and was also nominated for three Academy Awards, including two for Best Song. In active development since under Glen Keane, [] Tangled , directed by Byron Howard and Nathan Greno , was released in and became a significant critical and commercial success [] [] and was nominated for several accolades. The hand-drawn feature Winnie the Pooh , a new feature film based on the eponymous stories by A.

Milne , followed in to positive reviews but underperformed at the box office; it remains the studio's most recent hand-drawn feature. A comedy-adventure about a video-game villain who redeems himself as a hero, it won numerous awards, including the Annie , Critics' Choice and Kids' Choice Awards for Best Animated Feature Film, and received Golden Globe and Academy Award nominations. According to Producer Kristina Reed, the studio is continuing to develop the technique for future projects, [] including an animated feature. In , the studio laid off nine of its hand-drawn animators, including Nik Ranieri and Ruben A. Aquino , [] leading to speculation on animation blogs that the studio was abandoning traditional animation, an idea that the studio dismissed.

The studio's next feature, Big Hero 6 , a CGI comedy-adventure film inspired by the Marvel Comics series of the same name , was released in November In March , the studio released Zootopia , a CGI buddy-comedy film set in a modern world inhabited by anthropomorphic animals. Moana , a CGI fantasy-adventure film, was released in November In November , John Lasseter announced that he was taking a six-month leave of absence after acknowledging what he called "missteps" in his behavior with employees in a memo to staff.

According to various news outlets, Lasseter had a history of alleged sexual misconduct towards employees. On June 28, , the studio's division Disneytoon Studios was shut down, resulting in the layoffs of 75 animators and staff. In August , it was announced that Andrew Millstein would be stepping down from his role as president, before moving on to become co-president of Blue Sky Studios alongside Robert Baird, while Clark Spencer was named president of Disney Animation, reporting to Walt Disney Studios chairman Alan Bergman and working alongside chief creative officer Jennifer Lee.

The studio's next feature film was the sequel Frozen II , released in November In December , the studio announced that it was expanding into producing television series - a business usually handled by the Disney Television Animation division. A hand-drawn series called Tiana , featuring the lead character from The Princess and the Frog , is also in development. The first pack of shorts was released in , [] [] [] and a second pack will be released in August On August 4, , it was reported that Disney Animation was opening a new animation studio in Vancouver.

Disney Animation Building in May The Disney Animation Building's lobby is capped by a large version of the famous hat from the Sorcerer's Apprentice segment of Fantasia , and the building is informally called the "hat building" for that reason. Until the mids, Disney Animation previously operated out of the Air Way complex, a cluster of old hangars, office buildings, and trailers [98] in the Grand Central Business Centre, an industrial park on the site of the former Grand Central Airport [] about two miles 3. The Disneytoon Studios unit was based in Glendale. Disney Animation's archive, formerly known as "the morgue" based on an analogy to a morgue file and today known as the Animation Research Library, [] is also located in Glendale.

The 12,square-foot ARL is home to over 64 million items of animation artwork dating back to ; because of its importance to the company, visitors are required to agree not to disclose its exact location within Glendale. Disney Animation Building, [] [] in order to fix what then-studio president Edwin Catmull had called its "dungeon-like" interior. Walt Disney Animation Studios has produced animated features in a series of animation techniques, including traditional animation , computer animation , combination of both and animation combined with live-action scenes.

The studio's first film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs , was released on December 21, , [] and their most recent film, Raya and the Last Dragon , was released on March 5, On March 22, , the shorts included were released on Netflix. The shows include Baymax! This does not include Disney's direct-to-video or television follow-up films produced by either Disney Television Animation or DisneyToon Studios. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Walt Disney Feature Animation. Walt Disney Company animation studio. The studio's headquarters at the Roy E.

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January 2, Television: The Critical View. Oxford University Press. January 25, New York: Hyperion Press. Walt Disney: An American Original ed. Jim Hill Media. Retrieved February 13, Amherst, MA: Univ. Retrieved July 15, February 26, Approximately 60, On October 16, , in an event that had viewers around the world glued to their televisions, month-old Jessica McClure is rescued after being trapped for 58 hours in an abandoned water well in Midland, Texas. The drama unfolded on the morning of October 14, , when At Nuremberg, Germany, 10 high-ranking Nazi officials are executed by hanging for their crimes against humanity, crimes against peace, and war crimes during World War II.

Two weeks earlier, the 10 were found guilty by the International War Crimes Tribunal and sentenced to death At a time of economic Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. The embattled Chinese Communists break through Nationalist enemy lines and begin an epic flight from their encircled headquarters in southwest China. On October 16, , an obscure lawyer and Congressional hopeful from the state of Illinois named Abraham Lincoln delivers a speech regarding the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which Congress had passed five months earlier. In his speech, the future president denounced the act and outlined Oscar Wilde is born on October 16, in Dublin, Ireland.

He grew up in Ireland and went to England to attend Oxford, where he graduated with honors in A popular society figure known for his wit and flamboyant style, he published his own book of poems in He spent a The book, about the struggles of an orphan girl who grows up to become a governess, was an immediate popular success. Hennard then turned the gun on himself and died by suicide. The incident was one of the deadliest Abolitionist John Brown leads a small group on a raid against a federal armory in Harpers Ferry, Virginia now West Virginia , in an attempt to start an armed revolt of enslaved people and destroy the institution of slavery.

Born in Connecticut in and raised in Ohio, Brown On October 16, , Chevrolet begins to sell a car-truck hybrid that it calls the El Camino. On this day in , Alfred Rosenberg, the primary fabricator and disseminator of Nazi ideology, is hanged as a war criminal. Born in Estonia in , Rosenberg studied architecture at the University of Moscow. After receiving his degree, he stayed in Russia through the early

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