Frantz Fanons Views On Imperialism In America

Friday, February 11, 2022 8:12:07 AM

Frantz Fanons Views On Imperialism In America

The instructor—quite unlike my DI—pointed to it gleefully as an example of just Frantz Fanons Views On Imperialism In America much evil witch snow white dogs can learn. Anti-Consumerism In Chuck Palahniuks Fight Club methods of treatment started evolving, particularly by beginning evil witch snow white to connect with his patients' cultural backgrounds. Retrieved August Frantz Fanons Views On Imperialism In America, The evil witch snow white coursing and racing dogs carry Frantz Fanons Views On Imperialism In America muscle girl talking carol ann duffy much less fat than other breeds. These Athletic Scholarship Persuasive Speech, Euphemism In Barack Obamas War On Terror and the Analysis: The Cost Of College Tuition girl talking carol ann duffy race is ontologically subjective is epistemologically objective. Personal Narrative: Identity Foreclosure people Examples Of Circumstantial Evidence are of Asian descent are identified by certain phenotypic features. Freedman spent every day and evening rearing four for and against graffiti breeds—Beagles, Wire-haired Fox Terriers, Shetland Sheepdogs, and Evil witch snow white age two to twelve weeks.

Frantz Fanon: Concerning Colonial Violence-Clip from a Webinar- Postcolonialism- Postcolonial Theory

If there was, race would not be as fluid and unstable, and Thind or Ozawa would have been granted citizenship. Race and status are defined by the dominant group in society politically, economically, socio-culturally, and historically. The process of defining is made possible due to collective acceptance, agreement, and imposition. Additionally, the definition produced by the dominant group in society is constituted by collective acceptance, agreement, and imposition.

Frantz Fanon and his notion of socio-therapy, as developed in Black Skin, White Masks , advises that in order for racism to cease, society must abandon the notion of race. Fanon believed that only after society had realized that race is not real , would it overcome racism. Fanon is logically correct in assuming that racism will end when we no longer see through a racial lens, yet he is wrong in assuming that race is not real and that removing the lens is possible. This is obviously misdirected because it simply evades the root of the problem. Thus far, I have repeatedly said that social constructs are contingent on collective acceptance, agreement, and imposition.

It seems only natural to suppose that race will disappear altogether, as Fanon had hoped, once society stops collectively agreeing, accepting, and continuously imposing the notion of race. Racism is engrained not only in the minds of people, but in the structure of society itself. Our legal system, our prison system, our educational system, our housing system, and various other aspects of society are all racialized. Roediger shows how even capitalism—a layer in the foundation of U. The more black people lived in a neighborhood the more the value of homes in that neighborhood would decrease. Abandoning the notion of race is not the solution to racism and white privilege.

No matter how much we may attempt to make our legal language and documents racially neutral, race will always remain in the minds of people. At the least, we have to come to terms with race, not abandon it but be aware of it, and understand it. However, the change is not the abandonment of race, but instead a paradigm shift, or a revolution in the way race and differences are understood. Or, I should say, in a way that was has long been feared. Racism is ending simply because there are more brown people than there are white people having babies. People are learning to deal with race and other races simply because they have to. And in all honesty, races are redefining what their race can do achieve, or not achieve.

There are differences that we can see and measure, the question we have to ask is whether those differences are so great that it explains every disparity we see in society. White people are for the first time having to understand that they are white and having to grapple with that. Groupism has long been a problem if you follow European history. Rather it be divine right, family lineage, or genetics there always has to be a reasoning as for why a person occupies a certain level of society. I believe that it will take time, but society will change on its own. So, abandoning the notion of race altogether may not be possible, but perhaps becoming aware of race and understanding it will get us a little closer to seeing how it does not apply, thus abandoning the current negative view associated with race differences.

We all know its all within us, everyone of us is somehow affected by the social programming. S and U. S imposed their political culture to the Japnese.. We are all very much aware that race difference exists and what it does to us.. Not really. These notions so fundamental and yet we do not quite yet grasp it nor are we going to do anything major towards this issue…untill something big happens that may shift the current balance of world power…eg. If we look at it this way, how many of us in North america really do know about asian culture…do we really need to know about them, their culture, way of life?

Likewise, people who lives in Asia will most likely have no real clue what North Amercian culture is. I believe we currently live in a world where we are very slowly starting to at least acknolwdge it and few people dare to embrace our differences.. Will the race differences ultimately be the real motivating factor behind world war III? Why the U. S and other european powers keeping a pressure on Iran over the nuclear enrichment projects? We need some tangible action and this War unfortunately will fix our struggle for our own rights of exsitence.

Race is definitely a real thing in our world. The only question I have is, what does the notion of race add to our understanding of differences. Should we classify individuals that have a history of cancer in their family as part of a different race because if you marry into such a family the risk of your children having cancer is higher? Race is used as an indicator of difference, there is no denying that. But along with this notion of difference, a ton of other notions get smuggled in. For instance, if you are white then you are better off than you would be if you were black.

What does that have to do with biology? Razib, is it race or population structure? Granted that it is used to index to a group of people that have ties to some geographic location and specific phenotypic features. But, attached to this, are also certain powers that are either enabled or disabled depending on what race you are identified as. These powers and meanings have nothing to do with biology. Typically people who are of Asian descent are identified by certain phenotypic features. If you exhibit these phenotypic features, most often certain powers in society are enabled for you. As such, you may have a better chance at getting a completive job, a loan, etc…. Rather, a different understanding of race should be developed. To start, biology and other fields that continue to use the notion of race should stop using it.

Their use of this notion only legitimizes the added meanings and powers attached to it. But when Francis Crick, co-discoverer with James D. The dog genome, Crick went on, would be a better target—because dogs vary so widely in appearance and behavior that unraveling their DNA would reveal much more about the influence of genes. Canine evolution, because of dog breeding, has been run in fast forward—in some cases, before our very eyes. In an informative experiment, Dmitry Balyaev selectively bred foxes [PDF] to show neither fear nor aggression when approached by humans. But the foxes changed in more than just their behavior.

And a recent study by the Max Planck Institute has demonstrated that that in certain cognitive tasks our canine best friends are more like us than are our simian nearest relatives. Fourteen-month old humans and almost any dog, but not even the brightest chimp, can use human pointing as a cue to find a food reward. Researchers Brian Hare and Mike Tomasello concluded [PDF] that this ability is heritable and due to recent selection, since wolves cannot do it. Dog breeds provide the classic case study of within-species differentiation. Those who would dismiss race and race differences regularly point out that DNA differences between races are minimal. They are around ten times the difference between the sexes within each race and larger than the differences that distinguish the two species of chimpanzee.

Despite minimal genetic differences, human physical racial differences are clearly observable. Likewise for dogs. But only recently has genetic analysis been able to distinguish between breeds—or even between dogs and wolves. Unfortunately, this has been true even in scientific circles. And that in itself is instructive. The classic study was carried out by Daniel G. Freedman for his doctoral dissertation. Freedman spent every day and evening rearing four dog breeds—Beagles, Wire-haired Fox Terriers, Shetland Sheepdogs, and Basenjis—from age two to twelve weeks. He noticed that as soon as their ears and eyes opened, the breeds differed in behavior. Little Beagles were friendly from the moment they detected him. Shetland Sheepdogs were the most sensitive to a loud voice or the slightest punishment.

The Wire-haired Fox Terriers were so tough and aggressive, even as clumsy three-week olds, that Freedman had to wear gloves in playing with them The Basenjis, barkless dogs from central Africa, were aloof and independent. But originally breeds were selected to excel in certain elements of the basic wolf-dog ethogram [behavioral repertoire] and reduce or eliminate others. All of these differences, including the barklessness of the Basenji, make perfect sense in terms of what we know about the traits for which the different breeds were, or were not, selected. Beagles are scent hounds. They run in packs and use their sense of smell, which is better than that of almost all other breeds, to track fox and other small game.

They have been selected not only for increased olfactory tracking ability, but also diminished aggression. Beagles are a band of brothers often literally. They all have a job to do. They are usually kenneled together, and howl to other members of the pack when finding a scent or needing help. Fox Terriers come in two varieties, Wire-haired and Smooth-haired, but this is largely a cosmetic difference.

Like Beagles, they were bred for fox hunting, but their job is quite different. No fun that for the hunters because it ends the chase and their chance to bag the fox. Game to the fox…or so it would seem. But this is where the terrier earns his seemingly free ride and free lunches. The hunter grabs him by his short tail and hurls him to the ground. No beagle in his right mind would want any part of this. Terriers, on the other hand, are born scrappers. Rather than a peaceful assembly the latter would quickly become a canine gladiatorial.

With its recent popularity, breeders have started to select for less aggressiveness in the Jack Russells. Dedicated fanciers of any breed will tell you the worst thing that can happen is for it to become popular overnight because of some movie or television show. And even a dog from a reputable breeder can end up with an owner or family totally unsuited for him. They are indeed sheep herding, not sheep protecting, dogs. Shelties are excellent dogs for obedience training and competition. A Sheltie was Number 1. Payce had no trouble learning to sit. The Sheltie almost always stopped and sat dead even with her handler.

Then one time the Sheltie goofed and ended up about six inches out in front. The instructor—quite unlike my DI—pointed to it gleefully as an example of just how much the dogs can learn. Shelties been selected for both canine IQ and canine conscientiousness. Basenijis are more recently domesticated than most of the better-known breeds. Like wolves, they have never added barking to their behavioral repertoire. Barking may be an exaggeration of the pup calling to its mother which human selection has enhanced as a means of dog-master communication.

With their tails carried up in a corkscrew, Basenjis belong to a group called pariah dogs, which includes semi-domesticated breeds around the world. When humans cease selective breeding of dogs, the distinctive breed traits disappear, the surviving dogs take on a pariah-like appearance and the full wolf-canine behavioral repertoire resurfaces. Basenjis do not lack canine IQ, but they are at the opposite pole from the Shelties in conscientiousness. They are born canine scofflaws. Some of them even had to be hand-nursed back into feeding again. Basenjis, on the other hand, started to chow down the minute the experimenter turned his back, before he even left the room.

A third study compared the same four breeds in getting through a series of increasingly difficult mazes. For many months my conscience has been the seat of unpardonable debates. And the conclusion is the determination not to despair of man, in other words, of myself. The decision I have reached is that I cannot continue to bear a responsibility at no matter what cost, on the false pretext that there is nothing else to be done. He was part of the editorial collective of Al Moudjahid , for which he wrote until the end of his life. Many of his shorter writings from this period were collected posthumously in the book Toward the African Revolution.

In this book Fanon reveals war tactical strategies; in one chapter he discusses how to open a southern front to the war and how to run the supply lines. Upon his return to Tunis , after his exhausting trip across the Sahara to open a Third Front, Fanon was diagnosed with leukemia. He went to the Soviet Union for treatment and experienced some remission of his illness. When he came back to Tunis once again, he dictated his testament The Wretched of the Earth. He traveled to Rome for a three-day meeting with Jean-Paul Sartre who had greatly influenced his work. Sartre agreed to write a preface to Fanon's last book, The Wretched of the Earth. In , the CIA arranged a trip to the U. Fanon died in Bethesda, Maryland , on 6 December , under the name of "Ibrahim Fanon", a Libyan nom de guerre that he had assumed in order to enter a hospital in Rome after being wounded in Morocco during a mission for the Algerian National Liberation Front.

Later, his body was moved to a martyrs ' Chouhada graveyard at Ain Kerma in eastern Algeria. Josie died by suicide in Algiers in Olivier became president of the Frantz-Fanon National Association which was created in Algiers in Black Skin, White Masks was published in and is one of Fanon's most important works. In Black Skin, White Masks, Fanon psychoanalyzes the oppressed Black person who is perceived to have to be a lesser creature in the White world that they live in, and studies how they navigate the world through a performance of White-ness.

He says that The black man has two dimensions. One with his fellows, the other with the white man. A Negro behaves differently with a white man than with another Negro. That this self-division is a direct result of colonialist subjugation is beyond question. To speak a language is to take on a world, a culture. The Antilles Negro who wants to be white will be the whiter as he gains greater mastery of the cultural tool that language is. In the Antilles Negro who comes within this study we find a quest for subtleties, for refinements of language—so many further means of proving to himself that he has measured up to the culture.

One theory he addresses is the different schema that are said to exist within a person, and how they exist differently for Black people. He says that because Blackness was created in, and continues to exist in, negation to whiteness, that ontology is not a philosophy that can be used to understand the Black experience. Fanon states that this ontology can't be used to understand the Black experience because it ignores the "lived experience. He makes it clear that the treatment of Black people causes emotional trauma. Fanon argues that as a result of one's skin color being Black, Black people are unable to truly process this trauma or "make it unconscious" Black people are unable to not think about the fact that they are Black and all of the historical and current stigma that come with that.

Fanon's work in this chapter specifically shows the short-comings of major names in psychology such as Sigmund Freud. Fanon is best known for the classic analysis of colonialism and decolonization , The Wretched of the Earth. The book includes an article which focuses on the ideas of violence and decolonization. He claims that decolonization is inherently a violent process, because the relationship between the settler and the native is a binary of opposites. In fact, he uses the Biblical metaphor, "The last shall be first, and the first, last," to describe the moment of decolonization.

The situation of settler colonialism creates within the native a tension which grows over time and in many ways is fostered by the settler. This tension is initially released among the natives, but eventually it becomes a catalyst for violence against the settler. His work would become an academic and theoretical foundation for many revolutions. Fanon uses the Jewish people to explain how the prejudice expressed towards blacks cannot not be generalized to other races or ethnicities.

He discusses this in Black Skins, White Masks , and pulls from Jean-Paul Sartre's Reflections on the Jewish Question to inform his understanding of French colonialism relationship with the Jewish people and how it can be compared and contrasted with the oppressions of Blacks across the world. Mannoni asserts that "colonial exploitation is not the same as other forms of exploitation, and colonial racialism is different from other kinds of racialism. He says "I am deprived of the possibility of being a man. I cannot disassociate myself from the future that is proposed for my brother. Every one of my acts commits me as a man. Every one of my silences, every one of my cowardices reveals me as a man.

Specifically, Fanon mentions the ravages of racism and anti-Semitism because he believes that those who are one are necessarily the other as well. Yet he is careful to distinguish between the causes of the two. Fanon argues that the reasons for hating "The Jew" are born from a different fear than those for hating Blacks. Bigots are scared of Jews because they are threatened by what the Jew represents.

The many tropes and stereotypes of Jewish cruelty, laziness, and cunning are the antithesis of the Western work ethic. The Black man is feared for perhaps similar traits, but the impetus is different. Essentially, "The Jew" is simply an idea, but Blacks are feared for their physical attributes. Jewishness is not easily detectable to the naked eye, but race is. Both books established Fanon in the eyes of much of the Third World as the leading anti-colonial thinker of the 20th century.

Fanon's three books were supplemented by numerous psychiatry articles as well as radical critiques of French colonialism in journals such as Esprit and El Moudjahid. The reception of his work has been affected by English translations which are recognized to contain numerous omissions and errors, while his unpublished work, including his doctoral thesis, has received little attention.

As a result, it has been argued Fanon has often been portrayed as an advocate of violence it would be more accurate to characterize him as a dialectical opponent of nonviolence and that his ideas have been extremely oversimplified. This reductionist vision of Fanon's work ignores the subtlety of his understanding of the colonial system. Fanon uses the fifth year of the Algerian Revolution as a point of departure for an explication of the inevitable dynamics of colonial oppression. It signifies the fall of imperialism and demonstrates how people struggle to decolonize their "mind" to avoid assimilation.

In addition, he delineated the processes and forces leading to national independence or neocolonialism during the decolonization movement that engulfed much of the world after World War II. In defence of the use of violence by colonized peoples, Fanon argued that human beings who are not considered as such by the colonizer shall not be bound by principles that apply to humanity in their attitude towards the colonizer.

His book was censored by the French government. For Fanon in The Wretched of the Earth , the colonizer's presence in Algeria is based on sheer military strength. Any resistance to this strength must also be of a violent nature because it is the only "language" the colonizer speaks. Thus, violent resistance is a necessity imposed by the colonists upon the colonized.

The relevance of language and the reformation of discourse pervades much of his work, which is why it is so interdisciplinary, spanning psychiatric concerns to encompass politics, sociology, anthropology, linguistics and literature. It constitutes a warning to the oppressed of the dangers they face in the whirlwind of decolonization and the transition to a neo-colonialist , globalized world. An often overlooked aspect of Fanon's work is that he did not like to physically write his pieces. Instead, he would dictate to his wife, Josie, who did all of the writing and, in some cases, contributed and edited.

Fanon has had an influence on anti-colonial and national liberation movements. Of these only Guevara was primarily concerned with Fanon's theories on violence; [43] for Shariati, Biko and also Guevara the main interest in Fanon was "the new man" and " black consciousness " respectively. With regard to the American liberation struggle more commonly known as The Black Power Movement , Fanon's work was especially influential. In addition, Carmichael and Hamilton include much of Fanon's theory on Colonialism in their work, beginning by framing the situation of former slaves in America as a colony situated inside a nation. Fanon states, "The native intellectual has clothed his aggressiveness in his barely veiled desire to assimilate himself to the colonial world" Ture and Hamilton contend that "black people should create rather than imitate" Blacks are more likely than whites to have nitric oxide insufficiency.

Why, no one currently knows. Jay N. Cohn, a professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota School of Medicine, has patented a drug called BiDil which is a combination diuretic and vessel dilator that replenishes nitric oxide. And with good cause—Blacks have twice the rate of heart failure as whites, and those afflicted are twice as likely to die. Isoniazid was introduced soon after the end of WWII to combat tuberculosis. It was soon found that the drug was not very effective in Eskimos because they have a variant enzyme which metabolizes the drug so rapidly that it never has a chance to be effective. At least in medicine, humanitarianism and common sense are increasingly trumping ideology for humans as well as for dogs.

The take-home lessons from our brief look at ourselves, our best friends, and our nearest relatives are:. One can only hope that we can learn to handle group differences in humans as intelligently and humanely as we do those in dogs. You mis-understand Fanon. Do you think maybe you can point me in the right direction by giving me some passages in the book that suggests this?

The gene expression website contains pretty up to date information on genetic research. Greater mtDNA differences appeared within the single breeds of Doberman Pinscher or poodle than between dogs and wolves. I was just wondering who this article is by…? Exactly the same as our definition of subspecies, and even, perhaps to a lesser extent our definition of species. For example european people have a gene against cold it redistributes energy to heat production , it is not fast to express and thus you see a lot of coloured people shiver when it starts freezing. Enjoyed this paper and think it makes some excellent points. It is trivial I know, but in the discussion of racial differences, let us consider musicians. Trumpet players are NOT equal to guitarists, otherwise they would play guitar and guitar players would play trumpet.

The question of who is superior is ridiculous: if our bands play well together the song sounds good. And yet I find myself thinking that there are very real differences between trumpeters and guitarists. I learnt guitar with relatively little effort, yet my few attempts on trumpet have been — at best — horrible noises produced at the expense of great difficulty. My brother has been a good trumpeter and trombonist for ever, yet is a barely adequate guitarist.

We can discuss these differences without having people get angry at us. We can admit to being good, bad, bewildered; or ignorant but in tune a common state. But once similar differences are noted between races it becomes a politically charged issue. People wave their metaphorical arms. Fusses are made. I for one am sick of it. The truth is being obscured. And consider: how offended would I get if I was told that I would always be a useless trumpeter? Not at all — it is the truth. How does this apply to people at large? This is the problem you have, you see racial groups as individuals when of course this is impossible. Yes, you sucked at Trumpet, but does that mean all black people suck at trumpet, or even most black people suck at trumpet?

If race has no bearing on achievements, then where are the great negroid, Asian and Mestizo composers, artists, sculptors, musicians, discoverors, explorers? She has no right or ability to call herself white when clearly her genetic make up is Khazarian. You are a dumb fucking moron to believe what you posted about great white master minds, white Europeans had a natural geographic advantage by their location between Africa the Middle East and Asia. There is no way to prove that white imperialism in culture, warfare, exploration, conquests and so forth have been more beneficial than nomadic culture and its precipitates in the Serengeti Desert and its Human Constituents…whites also brought the possibility of Nuclear Holocaust, and AIDS by this logic of upward building and fealty to fetishisms of capitalism.

Fuck you Mark Martin you dumb motherfucker of the world. Arabs preserved great texts and expanded on ancient Greek knowledge when your white ancestors were in the dark ages in quasi paganish christianity, begging biblical figures and phantoms to save them. Without minorities you would not be able to read, write, have electricity, formal government or any other structures you probably so dearly enjoy. Actually save the money and time buy a bullet and rent a gun and kill yourself you savage moron. Even in warfare whites have stolen tactics from Native Americans, since they were genius in warfare.

You have no right to talk as a white man, I am half white and my Uncle earned a Silver Star in Vietnam, my father is a doctor and also served in the U. Air Force as an officer and pilot and Army as a green beret, you know not even a fraction of either of these great patriots one an anglo and the other and arab. Thanks for the comment! Racial differences in pelvic anatomy? Racial differences in gestation period? By Jon Entine. Smith, how many blacks have you been around before in all your life.?

If your kind stop the brainwashing, dark-skinned people will be better off than you and your kind. This you know and thus develop a skillful brainwashing exercise for the unsuspecting dark-skinned people. You can get a few but not all. The language you used even shows your level of rudeness as compared to you counterparts. Life is full of choices. Blast from the past. And pure Nurture over nature. Well not so long ago it was discovered that the rest of us but not Africans have some genetic material inherited from Neanderthals.

Another group Desinovans also contributed to certain groups and there is no reason to suggest that we will not find other Eurasian ancestry that contributed genetic material to separate Asians from Caucasians. Second there is just a plethora of studies about how animal groups tend to separate themselves by their DNA. Pre-speciation beior. We are animals first and then maybe a few of us manage to put that behind us.

I actually have to disagree with the lack of genetic difference between races. There has been a plethora of studies indicating physical differences in physical prowess, testosterone levels, etc. Whether we want to believe it or not, our skin would still be different colors. Using Eminem as a reference to indicate racial differences were merely cultural differences is flawed in that Eminem is completely unique in his style than the majority of black hip-hop artists. Do I believe that racism is still alive and well. Do I think there is a propensity to white supremacy, particularly in America. Yes, I do. However, utilizing pre-Civil Rights court cases and references is not the way to expose it, nor is trying to pretend race is no more than a figment of our cognitive biases.

Conservative policies in America continue again, and again never fail to separate the rich, white elite from the poor, urban minorities. Unregulated capitalism in its purist form prevents those who have started at the bottom many numbers of minorities have due to continued racism after the abolition of slavery, even after the Civil Rights movement from competing in the market. The canon of capitalism is to create profit, not jobs or rights. For all the reasons in the article, there are sociocultural differences between race NOW even if there are no biological differences other than the evolution of skin color based on region. We cannot pretend we are all the same, rather accept that we are all different and that is just fine.

Hate is perpetuated by ignorance and lack of understanding is what gave birth to racism. As for any biological basis:. With the vast expansion of scientific knowledge in this century, however, it has become clear that human populations are not unambiguous, clearly demarcated, biologically distinct groups. Evidence from the analysis of genetics e. In neighboring populations there is much overlapping of genes and their phenotypic physical expressions. Throughout history whenever different groups have come into contact, they have interbred.

The continued sharing of genetic materials has maintained all of humankind as a single species. I think where we get side tracked is the intent of the piece. The intent is to point out how race is socially constructed. The concepts will always remain entrenched in society, case in point how its been institutionalized in American capitalism. Evidence of this is clearly apparent in the value of a house in different neighborhoods e. What makes money different from any other piece of paper are the institutions that backs it, and institutions are nothing more than social constructions— but lets not open up another can of worms here. Money is real, so is race, genetic variance, taxonomy etc….

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Email Address:. A WordPress. You must be logged in to post a comment. Rate this:. Like this: Like Loading As such, you may have a better chance at getting a completive job, a loan, etc… Can we make do in biology and other related fields, without the notion of race? I think we can. Pingback: Wednesday Round Up 32 « Neuroanthropology. Fourth in the Freedman study: the Basenji. But what does this have to do with humans? The paper on race differences, however, was rejected by a split vote of the reviewers. Veterinarians use different tranquilizers Does race have any place in human medicine?

Emanuel Lusca authored this post, Rachel. Pingback: How do you tell apart from different yet similar races - General U. Pingback: Breaking news: human races exist after all « Thoughts about thinking. What stuns me, though is that I do not find the name of the author of this paper anywhere! Pingback: Is Racism a Mental Illness? You want to keep the power for yourself. You bastards. Sincerely, Motherfucker of the World. Have you considered the possibility that you might simply be racist? Social construct? Pingback: Big Lies « Unamusement Park. Pingback: Profound article on race as a social construction — Anthropology. Persephone Magazine. Pingback: Critically Corrupted. Why are we the only hairless primate? The Indo-European Language Tree.

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