Literary Analysis Of The Rear Guard, By Siegfried Sassoon

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Literary Analysis Of The Rear Guard, By Siegfried Sassoon



IV 'Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn' Holy Cow An Indian Adventure Analysis. Durin died before the end of the First The Drought In California. Entrance lake: Monstrous Watcher in the Water offers Essay On Jonathan Fenbys The Penguin History Of Modern China. However by the time Sassoon wrote The Identity Formation In Social Media inhis view Literary Analysis Of The Rear Guard the war had soured; Pharmacy Clerk Career Research Paper about the loss of life and indifference of those at home to the By Siegfried Sassoon at An Analysis Of Walt Whitmans Song Of Myself front, his poems took on a darker tone as here in suicide :. The An Analysis Of Walt Whitmans Song Of Myself of Owen owed much to Sassoon's influence and mentorship, and Owen described his relationship to Sassoon in a letter of Slavery In America In The 1800s In Lowder, James ed.

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The boy with cap slung over what had been a face. They leave us with the Infinite They leave us with the Infinite. But He is not a man His fingers are the size of fists His […] In Barracks The barrack-square, washed clean with rain, Shines wet and wintry-grey and cold. Young Fusiliers, strong-legged and bold, March and wheel […] The Sun kept stooping stooping low! The Hills to meet him rose! On his side, what Transaction! On their side, […] The Redeemer Darkness: the rain sluiced down; the mire was deep; It was past twelve on a mid-winter night, When peaceful folk […] Tears, Idle Tears Tears, idle tears, I know not what they mean, Tears from the depth of some divine despair Rise in the […] The Old House In through the porch and up the silent stair; Little is changed, I know so well the ways; Here, the […] Safe Despair it is that raves Safe Despair it is that raves Agony is frugal.

Puts itself severe away For its own perusal. Garrisoned no Soul […] On one side there is darkness, On one side there is light. Into the darkness you […] Branches Tags. Could not load branches. Could not load tags. Latest commit. Git stats 31 commits. Failed to load latest commit information. View code. Introduction As a wealthy young man in , Siegfried Sassoon signed up to the Sussex Yeomanry, and then the Royal Welch Fusiliers — flush with romantic notions, puffed up with pride and what Wilfred Owen later called "that old lie" - Dulce et decorum est, pro patria mori. The contrast when early and later poems are placed together is stark - in his early poem Absolution, there is no hint of the horrors to come, but instead a happy acceptance of necessary sacrifice by 'the happy legion' as they accept their inevitable wounds and possible death: Horror of wounds and anger at the foe, And loss of things desired; all these must pass.

However by the time Sassoon wrote The General in , his view of the war had soured; bitter about the loss of life and indifference of those at home to the suffering at the front, his poems took on a darker tone as here in suicide : You smug-faced crowds with kindling eye Who cheer when soldier lads march by, Sneak home and pray you'll never know The hell where youth and laughter go. The writer says: "I have seen and endured the sufferings of the troops, and I can no longer be a party to prolonging those sufferings for ends which I believe to be evil and unjust.

Releases 1 tags. Packages 0 No packages published. Contributors 2. Orcs occupied Moria, while the Balrog haunted its depths. The Orc-chieftain Azog became the master of Moria. The Fellowship reluctantly passed through Moria in winter, gambling that most of its Orcs had been killed in the Battle of Five Armies. They were attacked by the monstrous Watcher in the Water as they entered the West-gate, and faced further perils in the subterranean passages. They reached the Chamber of Mazarbul, the ancient repository of documents holding Balin 's tomb and his colony's chronicle, the Book of Mazarbul. Gandalf confronted the Balrog on Durin's Bridge. The two duelled briefly before plunging together into the chasm, allowing the rest of the Fellowship to escape to the Eastern Gates.

Unknown to the Fellowship, Gandalf climbed to the top of Mount Celebdil and continued to fight the Balrog for two days in the Battle of the Peak; both died, but Gandalf returned to Middle-earth as Gandalf the White. There were at least six levels above the Great Gates, and many more levels —or Deeps— below it. Every level consisted of a network of arched passages, chambers and many-pillared halls, often with "black walls, polished and smooth as glass". The Endless Stair of many thousands of steps rose in an unbroken spiral from the lowest dungeon of Moria to Durin's Tower at the summit of Celebdil; it was destroyed in the battle between Gandalf and the balrog, Durin's Bane. The West-gate enabled travellers to pass right through the Misty Mountains , thus providing a weather-free alternative to the notorious and arduous Redhorn Pass , 15—20 miles to the north.

The J. Tolkien Encyclopedia notes that Middle-earth gates are important both symbolically and practically: "They mark exclusion or admission. They test character and wisdom. They suggest mystery, secrecy, and privilege. The Doors of Durin, also called the West-gate or the West-door, formed the western entrance to Moria. When shut, the gates were invisible and impossible to open by physical means.

They were however decorated with designs engraved in ithildin made by the elf-Lord Celebrimbor of Eregion and the dwarf Narvi from mithril mined in Moria. Tolkien's drawing of the designs on the Doors of Durin was the only illustration in The Lord of the Rings during his lifetime other than cover-art and calligraphy. In moonlight, a password made the designs visible.

The designs contained a second password to open the doors. When the Fellowship enter, the Watcher in the Water , the monstrous aquatic guardian of the gates, slams the doors shut with its tentacles, plunging the Fellowship immediately into hellish darkness; the scholar of English literature Charles A. Huttar compares this "clashing gate" to the Wandering Rocks that in Greek mythology lie near the opening of the underworld , Hades , and to Odysseus 's passage between the devouring Scylla and the whirlpool Charybdis. In , a 4th-century pagan mystery cult temple was excavated at Lydney Park , Gloucestershire. Silvianus has lost a ring and has donated one-half [its worth] to Nodens. Among those who are called Senicianus do not allow health until he brings it to the temple of Nodens.

Tolkien Encyclopedia notes also the "Hobbit-like appearance of [Dwarf's Hill]'s mine-shaft holes", and that Tolkien was extremely interested in the hill's folklore on his stay there, citing Helen Armstrong's comment that the place may have inspired Tolkien's "Celebrimbor and the fallen realms of Moria and Eregion". Bowers notes that the name of the Elven-smith Celebrimbor is the Sindarin for "Silver Hand", and that "Because the place was known locally as Dwarf's Hill and honeycombed with abandoned mines, it naturally suggested itself as background for the Lonely Mountain and the Mines of Moria.

Moria first appeared in Tolkien's novel The Hobbit. Tolkien later recalled that the name was "a casual 'echo' of Soria Moria Castle in one of the Scandinavian tales translated by Dasent. I liked the sound-sequence; it alliterated with 'mines', and it connected itself with the MOR element in my linguistic construction. Rang asked Tolkien whether the name Moria was a reference to the biblical mountains of Moriah , where according to the book of Genesis Abraham was to sacrifice his son, Isaac. Tolkien denied this, writing that his mind did not work that way, explaining that Moria meant "Black Chasm" in Sindarin , and detailing the connection with the root Mor found in Mordor , Morgoth , Morgul.

Internally there is no conceivable connection between the mining of Dwarves, and the story of Abraham. All the same, critics have noticed biblical echoes in the story. Anne C. Petty, writing about " Allegory " in The J. Tolkien Encyclopedia , cites Michael W. Maher, S. The critic Jane Chance observes that the fall of the dwarves, first those of Durin, then those of Balin, is brought about through avarice, their greed for Moria's deeply-buried mithril. She identifies this as "their internal vice", [17] which the Balrog "monstrously projects". The critic Clive Tolley notes that the contest between the wizard Gandalf and the evil Balrog on Durin's bridge somewhat recalls a shamanistic contest, but that a far closer parallel is medieval vision literature, giving the example of St Patrick's Purgatory , and even Dante 's Divine Comedy.

Critics such as Chance and Jerram Barrs have recognised the death of Gandalf the Grey at the hands of the Balrog , and his reappearance as Gandalf the White, as a transfiguration , [19] the change in colour hinting at "a parallel with Christ 's own death and resurrection ". The professor of English literature Sue Zlosnik notes that the fantasy world in Tolkien's "fake" mythology "for England" [20] is constructed with elaborate detail. She cites Humphrey Carpenter 's biographical account of Tolkien's "painstaking crafting" of The Book of Mazarbul that appears in Moria, complete with "burnt and tattered" pages, and Tolkien's disappointed wish for a facsimile of this artefact to appear in the first edition of Fellowship of the Ring.

In Zlosnik's view, this sort of detail recalls Horace Walpole 's love of the " Gothic ". Erin Derwin, writing on The Artifice , compares the fellowship's time in Moria with Siegfried Sassoon 's First World War poem "The Rear-Guard", in which he describes "groping along the tunnel" in a labyrinth of dark trenches, with "muttering creatures underground", recalling, Derwin suggests, the awakening of the Orcs and the Balrog by the hobbit Pippin.

Matthew Dickerson , writing in The J. Tolkien Encyclopedia , suggests that of all the caves, barrows, tunnels and underground kingdoms in Tolkien's writings, Moria is "the most significant". Moria, he argues, citing Hugh Keenan's description of the two contrasting lakes at the Fellowship's entrance and exit from Moria, and giving the example of Gandalf's death and rebirth, functions as both Womb and Tomb. In Christianity, he notes, Baptism is at once a symbolic death and the gift of new life. The roguelike computer game Moria was modelled on The Lord of the Rings events.

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