Mahatma Gandhi Biography

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Mahatma Gandhi Biography



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Mohandas Gandhi, the Power of Nonviolence

It would be difficult to imagine a man with fewer trappings of political eminence or with less of the popular image of a heroic figure. With his loin cloth, steel-rimmed glasses, rough sandals, a toothless smile and a voice which rarely rose above a whisper, he had a disarming humility. He used a stone instead of soap for his bath, wrote his letters on little bits of paper with little stumps of pencils which he could hardly hold between his fingers, shaved with a crude country razor and ate with a wooden spoon from a prisoner's bowl. He was, if one were to use the famous words of the Buddha, a man who had "by rousing himself, by earnestness, by restraint and control, made for himself an island which no flood could overwhelm.

He carried his cave within him. He did not know, he said, any religion apart from human activity; the spiritual law did not work in a vacuum, but expressed itself through the ordinary activities of life. This aspiration to relate the spirit- not the forms-of religion to the problems of everyday life runs like a thread through Gandhi's career; his uneventful childhood, the slow unfolding and the near- failure of his youth, reluctant plunge into the politics of Natal, the long, unequal struggle in South Africa, and the vicissitudes of the Indian struggle for freedom, which under his leadership was to culminate in a triumph not untinged with tragedy.

All rights reserved. Developed and maintain by Bombay Sarvodaya Mandal Sitemap. Home Feedback Contact Us www. After his release from prison in , Gandhi withdrew from active politics and devoted himself to propagating communal unity. Unavoidably, however, he was again drawn into the vortex of the struggle for independence. In the Mahatma proclaimed a new campaign of civil disobedience, calling upon the Indian population to refuse to pay taxes, particularly the tax on salt. The campaign was a march to the sea, in which thousands of Indians followed Gandhi from Ahmedabad to the Arabian Sea , where they made salt by evaporating sea water. Once more the Indian leader was arrested, but he was released in , halting the campaign after the British made concessions to his demands.

O'key, circa In , Gandhi began new civil-disobedience campaigns against the British. Arrested twice, the Mahatma fasted for long periods several times; these fasts were effective measures against the British, because revolution might well have broken out in India if he had died. In September , while in jail, Gandhi undertook a "fast unto death" to improve the status of the Hindu Untouchables. The British, by permitting the Untouchables to be considered as a separate part of the Indian electorate, were, according to Gandhi, countenancing an injustice. Although he was himself a member of an upper caste, Gandhi was the great leader of the movement in India dedicated to eradicating the unjust social and economic aspects of the caste system.

In Gandhi formally resigned from politics, being replaced as leader of the Congress party by Jawaharlal Nehru. Gandhi traveled through India, teaching ahimsa and demanding eradication of "untouchability. So great was this power that the limited home rule granted by the British in could not be implemented until Gandhi approved it. A few years later, in , he again returned to active political life because of the pending federation of Indian principalities with the rest of India.

His first act was a fast, designed to force the ruler of the state of Rajkot to modify his autocratic rule. Public unrest caused by the fast was so great that the colonial government intervened; the demands were granted. The Mahatma again became the most important political figure in India. Kamat Man of Firm Step. By the Indian struggle for independence was in its final stages, the British government having agreed to independence on condition that the two contending nationalist groups, the Muslim League and the Congress party, should resolve their differences.

Gandhi stood steadfastly against the partition of India but ultimately had to agree, in the hope that internal peace would be achieved after the Muslim demand for separation had been satisfied. India and Pakistan became separate states when the British granted India its independence in see: Tryst with Destiny -- the story of India's independence. During the riots that followed the partition of India, Gandhi pleaded with Hindus and Muslims to live together peacefully. Riots engulfed Calcutta, one of the largest cities in India, and the Mahatma fasted until disturbances ceased. On January 13, , he undertook another successful fast in New Delhi to bring about peace, but on January 30, 12 days after the termination of that fast, as he was on his way to his evening prayer meeting, he was assassinated by a fanatic Hindu.

Gandhi's death was regarded as an international catastrophe. His place in humanity was measured not in terms of the 20th century, but in terms of history. A period of mourning was set aside in the United Nations General Assembly, and condolences to India were expressed by all countries. Religious violence soon waned in India and Pakistan, and the teachings of Gandhi came to inspire nonviolent movements elsewhere, notably in the U. Check with us before you reproduce. All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without prior permission. Mahatma Gandhi Album.

See Also: Parentage and Childhood from Gandhi's autobiography Resistance to Injustice Gandhi remained in South Africa for twenty years, suffering imprisonment many times. Campaign for Home Rule Gandhi became a leader in a complex struggle, the Indian campaign for home rule. O'key, circa Gandhi takes on Domestic Problems In , Gandhi began new civil-disobedience campaigns against the British.

As a reaction to the unsatisfactory response from the British, the party decided not to support Britain in the war unless the country were granted complete and immediate independence. The British refused, offering compromises that were rejected. When Japan entered the war, Gandhi still refused to agree to Indian participation. He was interned in but was released two years later because of failing health. Table of Contents. On Education. On Jews. Ask Gandhi. Gandhi on Gita. Voice Clip. Day with Gandhi.

Abraham Lincoln Persuasive Essay audience was visibly and audibly moved. Bad Bunny —. Gandhi, the Forgotten Mahatma. Godse greeted him with a Namaste, Examples Of Traumatic Events In Enders Game customary Hindu salute. Indian journalism: origin, Walter Mitty Anti Hero and development of Indian Gaius Caesar Or Caligul Emperor Of Rome from Asoka to Mahatma Gandhi Biography.